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1. Suzzi MV, Alessi A, Bertarelli C, Cancellieri A, Procaccio L, Dall'olio D, Laudadio P: Prognostic relevance of cell proliferation in major salivary gland carcinomas. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital; 2005 Jun;25(3):161-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic relevance of cell proliferation in major salivary gland carcinomas.
  • Several proliferation markers, such as DNA ploidy, Ki67, MiB1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen have been shown to correlate with clinical course and prognosis in several epithelial tumours and lymphomas.
  • In the present study, the prognostic relevance of these markers was evaluated in major salivary gland carcinomas.
  • A sample of 36 cases out of 85 patients submitted to surgery for major salivary gland carcinomas at our institution between 1987 and 1997 were studied.
  • The sample comprised 8 adenoid-cystic carcinomas, 6 ductal carcinomas, 11 mucoepidermoid carcinomas and 11 acinic cell carcinomas.
  • Instead, the proliferative tumour cell fraction, evaluated by MiB1, was statistically correlated with prognosis.
  • Of particular interest were MiB1 values in acinic cell carcinomas for which grading is challenging and lacks consensus.
  • In our group of acinic cell carcinomas, survival correlated with values of MiB1 > or < 15 with p = 0.009 in Log rank test.
  • Indeed, "growth fraction" in acinic cell carcinomas may stratify different classes of risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology. Cell Proliferation. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ploidies. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16450771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-100X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2639871
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2. Diegel CR, Cho KR, El-Naggar AK, Williams BO, Lindvall C: Mammalian target of rapamycin-dependent acinar cell neoplasia after inactivation of Apc and Pten in the mouse salivary gland: implications for human acinic cell carcinoma. Cancer Res; 2010 Nov 15;70(22):9143-52
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  • [Title] Mammalian target of rapamycin-dependent acinar cell neoplasia after inactivation of Apc and Pten in the mouse salivary gland: implications for human acinic cell carcinoma.
  • Cross-talk between the canonical Wnt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways occurs at multiple levels in the cell and likely contributes to the oncogenic effects of these pathways in human cancer.
  • To gain more insight into the interplay between Wnt and mTOR signaling in salivary gland tumorigenesis, we developed a mouse model in which both pathways are constitutively activated by the conditional inactivation of the Apc and Pten tumor suppressor genes.
  • Loss of either Apc or Pten alone did not cause tumor development.
  • However, deletion of both genes resulted in the formation of salivary gland tumors with 100% penetrance and short latency that showed a remarkable morphologic similarity to human acinic cell carcinoma.
  • Treatment of tumor-bearing mice using the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin led to complete regression of tumors, indicating that tumor growth was dependent on continued mTOR signaling.
  • Importantly, we found that human salivary gland acinic cell carcinomas also express markers of activated mTOR signaling.
  • Together, these results suggest that aberrant activation of mTOR signaling plays a pivotal role in acinar cell neoplasia of the salivary gland.
  • Because rapamycin analogues are approved for treating other types of human malignancies, our findings suggest that rapamycin therapy should be evaluated for treating patients with salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein / deficiency. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. PTEN Phosphohydrolase / deficiency. Salivary Glands / metabolism. TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Mice. Mice, 129 Strain. Mice, Knockout. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Signal Transduction / drug effects. Sirolimus / pharmacology. Tumor Burden / drug effects


3. Maruya S, Shirasaki T, Nagaki T, Kakehata S, Kurotaki H, Mizukami H, Shinkawa H: Differential expression of topoisomerase IIalpha protein in salivary gland carcinomas: histogenetic and prognostic implications. BMC Cancer; 2009;9:72
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  • [Title] Differential expression of topoisomerase IIalpha protein in salivary gland carcinomas: histogenetic and prognostic implications.
  • BACKGROUND: Salivary gland carcinomas are relatively uncommon heterogeneous malignancies characterized by locoregional invasion and distant metastasis.
  • Topoisomerase IIalpha (topoIIalpha), located at chromosome 17q21-22, is considered a major mediator of cell proliferation and DNA replication.
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of topoIIalpha in various types of salivary gland tumors and its biological significance.
  • METHODS: The protein expression of topoIIalpha was evaluated immunohistochemically in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 54 salivary gland carcinomas and 20 benign tumors (10 pleomorphic adenomas and 10 Warthin's tumors).
  • The primary salivary gland carcinoma specimens consisted of 17 adenoid cystic carcinomas, 7 adenocarcinomas not otherwise specified, 7 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 6 salivary duct carcinomas, 3 acinic cell carcinomas, 3 carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas, 3 epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas, 2 carcinosarcomas, 2 lymphoepithelial carcinomas, 2 myoepithelial carcinomas, 1 oncocytic carcinoma, and 1 squamous cell carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: Of the 54 primary salivary gland carcinomas, 38 (70%) showed positive expression (> or = 10%) of topoIIalpha protein, and 16 carcinomas (30%) and all benign tumors were negative (p < 0.001).
  • Expression of topoIIalpha was more frequently observed in salivary duct carcinoma, carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, adenocarcinoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma, solid type, and it was associated with advanced stage and shortened survival.
  • Furthermore, it may provide useful prognostic information and suggests the potential efficacy of topoIIalpha-targeting therapy in patients with salivary gland carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. DNA Topoisomerases, Type II / biosynthesis. DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / enzymology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Child. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19250538.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA Topoisomerases, Type II; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA topoisomerase II alpha
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2654461
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4. Liu T, Zhu E, Wang L, Okada T, Yamaguchi A, Okada N: Abnormal expression of Rb pathway-related proteins in salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma. Hum Pathol; 2005 Sep;36(9):962-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abnormal expression of Rb pathway-related proteins in salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma.
  • Salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is a relatively rare neoplasm, and limited information is available regarding its molecular pathogenesis.
  • The expression of topoisomerase II-alpha and Ki-67 was also examined to evaluate cell proliferation.
  • The numbers of positive cells for pRb-S795 and cyclin D1 significantly increased in ACCs as compared with normal salivary glands.
  • Double immunofluorescent staining demonstrated that pRb-S795 was colocalized with cyclin D1 in most tumor cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Retinoblastoma Protein / metabolism. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Cyclin D1 / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. DNA Topoisomerases, Type II / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16153458.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Retinoblastoma Protein; 136601-57-5 / Cyclin D1; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA Topoisomerases, Type II; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA topoisomerase II alpha
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5. Luukkaa H, Laitakari J, Vahlberg T, Klemi P, Grénman R: Morphometric analysis using automated image analysis of CD34-positive vessels in salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma. Acta Otolaryngol; 2007 Aug;127(8):869-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Morphometric analysis using automated image analysis of CD34-positive vessels in salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In computer-assisted analysis of acinic cell cancer (ACC) morphological characteristics of CD34 immunoreactivity were detected.
  • OBJECTIVES: Salivary gland cancer (SGC) is a morphologically diverse group of malignancies, the most common histological types being mucoepidermoid, adenoid cystic and ACC, which has the most favorable prognosis of the three.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / immunology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Epithelial Cells / immunology. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Densitometry / methods. Female. Finland / epidemiology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prevalence. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 17763000.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
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6. Kinkor Z, Skálová A: [Acinic cell-like differentiation in invasive ductal carcinoma and in ductal hyperplasia of the breast--report of two cases]. Cesk Patol; 2005 Jan;41(1):29-33
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  • [Title] [Acinic cell-like differentiation in invasive ductal carcinoma and in ductal hyperplasia of the breast--report of two cases].
  • [Transliterated title] "Acinic cell-like" diferenciace v invazivním duktálním karcinomu a duktální hyperlazii mlécné zlázy--popis dvou prípadů.
  • Described are two epithelial lesions of the breast displaying extremely rare, widespread acinic cell-like differentiation (metaplasia).
  • Two women, 70 and 40-year-old, one with invasive ductal papillocarcinoma, the other one with conventional intraductal hyperplasia without atypia, both demonstrated massive diffuse, PAS positive, granular eosinophilic transformation of the cell cytoplasm.
  • This unusual cell appearance closely simulated acinar cells in normal serous salivary gland/acinic cell carcinoma or Paneth cells.
  • Both extensive expression of lysozyme and finding of numerous zymogen granules ultrastructurally confirmed the acinic cell-like fenotype.
  • Discussed is differential diagnosis of the breast neoplasm containing overt eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm.
  • Reviewing literature and comparing our unique finding of unusual salivary-type differentiation in conventional ductal hyperplasia of the breast, biologic implications are considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology


7. Chen AM, Garcia J, Granchi PJ, Johnson J, Eisele DW: Late recurrence from salivary gland cancer: when does "cure" mean cure? Cancer; 2008 Jan 15;112(2):340-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Late recurrence from salivary gland cancer: when does "cure" mean cure?
  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study was to determine the incidence of late recurrences, which were defined as those occurring >or=5 years after initial therapy, among patients treated for salivary gland cancer.
  • METHODS: Between 1960 and 2000, 145 patients underwent definitive therapy for localized carcinomas of the salivary glands and were clinically without evidence of disease at 5 years of follow-up.
  • The crude rates of late recurrence by histologic subtype were adenoid cystic carcinoma (26%), mixed malignant tumor (25%), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (17%), adenocarcinoma (10%), and acinic cell carcinoma (8%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients who are presumed to be cured of their disease at 5 years after initial treatment for salivary gland cancer will be found to develop late disease recurrence with additional follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / mortality

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  • (PMID = 18008358.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Williams MD, Chakravarti N, Kies MS, Maruya S, Myers JN, Haviland JC, Weber RS, Lotan R, El-Naggar AK: Implications of methylation patterns of cancer genes in salivary gland tumors. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 Dec 15;12(24):7353-8
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  • [Title] Implications of methylation patterns of cancer genes in salivary gland tumors.
  • PURPOSE: We investigated the methylation status and protein expression of four tumor suppressor genes to determine their role in salivary gland tumorigenesis.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We performed methylation-specific PCR and protein analyses of 29 normal salivary glands, 23 benign, and 79 malignant salivary gland neoplasms to determine the pattern and potential diagnostic and/or biological role of the RASSF1, RARbeta2, DAPK, and MGMT tumor suppressor gene methylation in these tumors.
  • Methylation occurred in 33 of 79 (41.8%) malignant tumors; 8 (30.8%) adenoid cystic carcinomas, 6 (33.3%) mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 6 (42.9%) acinic cell carcinomas, and 13 (62.0%) salivary duct carcinomas.
  • RASSF1 and RARbeta2 represented 75.8% of methylation events occurring most frequently in salivary duct and acinic cell carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: (a) Benign and malignant salivary tumors differed in the frequency and pattern of gene methylation;.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / metabolism. DNA Methylation. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / metabolism. Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Child. DNA Modification Methylases. DNA Repair Enzymes. Death-Associated Protein Kinases. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Genes, Neoplasm. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Receptors, Retinoic Acid / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17189407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RASSF1 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Retinoic Acid; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / retinoic acid receptor beta; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Death-Associated Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.17 / Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes
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9. Tanahashi C, Yabuki S, Akamine N, Yatabe Y, Ichihara S: Pure acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in an 80-year-old Japanese woman. Pathol Int; 2007 Jan;57(1):43-6
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  • [Title] Pure acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in an 80-year-old Japanese woman.
  • Acinic cell carcinoma of the breast is an uncommon neoplasm.
  • Since the first case of this rare variant of breast carcinoma was reported in 1996, only 10 cases have been reported in the English-language literature.
  • Reported herein is the first case of primary acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in a Japanese woman.
  • To the naked eye, the tumor appeared well circumscribed and the cut surface was grayish-pink and hemorrhaging.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was predominantly made up of a monotonous proliferation of cells with a finely granular cytoplasm, resembling acinic cells of the parotid gland.
  • In spite of extensive sampling, no common histological patterns of breast carcinoma such as in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma were recognized in the present case, indicating that the present case was pure acinic cell carcinoma.
  • In addition, the immunohistochemical profile of this tumor was identical to that of the acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2 and cytokeratin (CK)20 were negative and amylase and CK7 were positive.
  • The patient has been well for 22 months since the wide local excision of the tumor and no signs of salivary neoplasm are evident to date.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology


10. Drut R, Giménez PO: Acinic cell carcinoma of salivary gland with massive deposits of globular amyloid. Int J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;16(2):202-7
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  • [Title] Acinic cell carcinoma of salivary gland with massive deposits of globular amyloid.
  • We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with a parotid gland tumor, the fine-needle aspiration biopsy smears of which showed epithelial cells with wide cytoplasm, isolated or arranged in micropapillary groups together with psammoma bodies.
  • The surgical specimen contained a 5-cm tumor with the histologic features of an acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) with papillary areas.
  • Notably, the cells of the tumor seemed to follow a sequence from large cells with rounded nuclei with open chromatin and prominent nucleoli to vacuolated cells with granular material, and finally to cells undergoing apoptosis.
  • Huge globular amyloid deposits, the suggested name for this material irrespective of the type of amyloid, have not been previously reported in ACC of salivary gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Birefringence. Cellular Structures / pathology. Coloring Agents. Congo Red. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18417682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amyloid; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Coloring Agents; 3U05FHG59S / Congo Red
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11. Shet T, Ghodke R, Kane S, Chinoy RN: Cytomorphologic patterns in papillary cystic variant of acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland. Acta Cytol; 2006 Jul-Aug;50(4):388-92
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  • [Title] Cytomorphologic patterns in papillary cystic variant of acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the cytomorphologic profile of the papillary and cystic variant of acinic cell carcinoma (ACC-PCV) of the salivary glands.
  • However, common to all was a papillary pattern and a cystic fluid background with or without mucin blobs; that led to misdiagnosing the tumor as mucoepidermoid carcinoma on 2 occasions.
  • The granular cells were similar to those seen in the usual acinic cell carcinoma but were smaller.
  • The tumor did not show any acinar pattern and lacked naked nuclei in the background.
  • CONCLUSION: ACC-PCV is papillary and cystic and hence is often not recognized as acinic cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Cysts / pathology. Salivary Glands / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16901000.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Mocan S, Stolnicu S, Rădulescu D, Petrovan C: [Acinic cell adenocarcinoma of the lip]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2005 Jan-Mar;109(1):164-9
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  • [Title] [Acinic cell adenocarcinoma of the lip].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinom cu celule acinare cu localizare la nivelul buzei. Prezentare de caz.
  • The variable histological appearance of acinic cell carcinoma coupled with its uncommon occurrence account for considerable diagnostic difficulties.
  • We present the case of a 68 years old women, with a salivary cyst localised in the upper lip.
  • Acinic cell adenocarcinoma is a malignant epithelial neoplasm in which the neoplastic cells demonstrate not only serous acinar differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16607848.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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13. Tavora F, Rassaei N, Shilo K, Foss RD, Galvin JR, Travis WD, Franks TJ: Occult primary parotid gland acinic cell adenocarcinoma presenting with extensive lung metastasis. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Jun;131(6):970-3
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  • [Title] Occult primary parotid gland acinic cell adenocarcinoma presenting with extensive lung metastasis.
  • Acinic cell adenocarcinoma is a malignant salivary gland neoplasm with a relatively low rate of lymphangitic spread to regional lymph nodes.
  • We encountered an unusual example of acinic cell adenocarcinoma that initially presented in the lung, whereas the primary parotid carcinoma, despite extensive clinical evaluation, only became apparent 1 year after initial diagnosis.
  • The histologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of the tumor in the parotid gland and lung were similar.
  • The tumor displayed an aggressive behavior resulting in death within 2 years of the initial presentation.
  • This presentation is unique, showing that peripheral lung tumors of salivary gland type are likely to be metastatic, and careful clinical evaluation is warranted in establishing their primary site of origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Palliative Care

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  • (PMID = 17550329.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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14. Al-Zaher N, Obeid A, Al-Salam S, Al-Kayyali BS: Acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary glands: a literature review. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther; 2009;2(1):259-64
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  • [Title] Acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary glands: a literature review.
  • Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is a low-grade malignant salivary neoplasm that constitutes approximately 17% of primary salivary gland malignancies.
  • In the head and neck region, the parotid gland is the predominant site of origin and women are usually more frequently diagnosed than men.
  • A slowly enlarging mass lesion in the tail of the parotid gland is the most frequent presentation.
  • The diagnosis is usually confirmed with a fine needle aspiration biopsy, and surgical excision is the main treatment of this malignant neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20063555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1658-3876
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology/oncology and stem cell therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
  • [Number-of-references] 59
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15. Triantafillidou K, Iordanidis F, Psomaderis K, Kalimeras E: Acinic cell carcinoma of minor salivary glands: a clinical and immunohistochemical study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2010 Oct;68(10):2489-96
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  • [Title] Acinic cell carcinoma of minor salivary glands: a clinical and immunohistochemical study.
  • PURPOSE: Acinic cell carcinoma is a rare malignant tumor of salivary glands.
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of acinic cell carcinoma in a group of 11 patients, who were treated in our clinic, and to discuss the management as well as the immunohistochemical features and prognosis of this carcinoma.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 11 patients with acinic cell carcinoma of the minor salivary glands who were treated in our clinic.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Acinic cell carcinoma is a rare malignant tumor of the salivary glands, characterized by an indolent clinical course with the potential for both local recurrence and distant metastases.
  • The immunohistochemical analysis of proliferation markers provides additional prognostic information for this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / analysis. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 20678839.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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16. Cohn ML, Elliott DD, El-Naggar AK: Metastatic acinic cell carcinoma in a neurofibroma mistaken for carcinosarcoma. Head Neck; 2005 Jan;27(1):76-80
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  • [Title] Metastatic acinic cell carcinoma in a neurofibroma mistaken for carcinosarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a rare, but well-recognized, entity most commonly involving metastatic carcinoma to a mesenchymal neoplasm.
  • We report a case of acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland metastatic to a neurofibroma.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: A 55-year-old man with a history of a high-grade acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid was seen with a mass at the surgical site and metastatic foci in the scalp 10 months postoperatively.
  • The resection specimen revealed a spindle cell lesion with metastatic foci of high-grade adenocarcinoma, initially diagnosed as a carcinosarcoma.
  • The bland morphology and S-100-positive expression of the spindle cell lesion confirmed the diagnosis of neurofibroma.
  • The high-grade features of the carcinomatous foci and their similarity to the primary tumor confirmed the presence of a tumor-to-tumor metastasis.
  • CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of acinic cell carcinoma metastatic to a neurofibroma, an important entity in the differential diagnosis of biphasic tumors of the head and neck.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neurofibroma / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15565563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Varsegi MF, Ravis SM, Hattab EM, Henley JD, Billings SD: Widespread cutaneous metastases from acinic cell carcinoma 20 years after primary presentation. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Jun;35(6):591-3
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  • [Title] Widespread cutaneous metastases from acinic cell carcinoma 20 years after primary presentation.
  • Acinic cell carcinoma is a rare, low-grade malignant salivary gland neoplasm.
  • We present a case of widespread cutaneous metastasis from acinic cell carcinoma arising in a 59-year-old woman with a history of acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland 20 years prior to her cutaneous disease.
  • To our knowledge, is the first report of widespread cutaneous metastasis from acinic cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Cytoplasmic Granules / pathology. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18261112.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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18. Neto AG, Pineda-Daboin K, Spencer ML, Luna MA: Sinonasal acinic cell carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of four cases. Head Neck; 2005 Jul;27(7):603-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sinonasal acinic cell carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of four cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Acinic cell carcinoma is a low-grade malignant epithelial salivary gland neoplasm with a predilection for the parotid gland.
  • To date, only 11 cases of sinonasal acinic cell carcinomas have been reported in the English-language literature.
  • We present the clinicopathologic features of four sinonasal acinic cell carcinomas.
  • METHODS: The demographic data and pathologic material of four patients with sinonasal acinic cell carcinoma identified from the files of the Department of Pathology at The University of Texas M. D.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sinonasal acinic cell carcinoma is a distinct low-grade carcinoma that can be distinguished from other neoplasms by light microscopy and histochemical staining methods.
  • Pathologists and surgeons should be aware of the occurrence of this type of salivary gland neoplasm in the sinonasal tract.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15900565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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19. Negahban S, Daneshbod Y, Khademi B, Seif I: Papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma with many psammoma bodies, so-called psammoma body-rich papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma: report of a case with fine needle aspiration findings. Acta Cytol; 2009 Jul-Aug;53(4):440-4
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  • [Title] Papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma with many psammoma bodies, so-called psammoma body-rich papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma: report of a case with fine needle aspiration findings.
  • Psammoma bodies are infrequent in salivary gland aspirates.
  • We present a case of papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma with many psammoma bodies and discuss the diagnostic pitfalls with other salivary gland tumors.
  • A preliminary diagnosis of papillary cystic salivary gland neoplasm was made and supeficial parotidectomy performed.
  • A diagnosis of papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma with many psammoma bodies was made.
  • Aspiration cytology of papillary cystic acinic cell carcinoma with many psammoma bodies can be confused with more common tumors, such as cystic mixed tumor and adenoid cystic carcinoma with cannonballs, low grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma or cystic papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19697733.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Delides A, Velegrakis G, Kontogeorgos G, Karagianni E, Nakas D, Helidonis E: Familial bilateral acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid synchronous with pituitary adenoma: case report. Head Neck; 2005 Sep;27(9):825-8
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  • [Title] Familial bilateral acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid synchronous with pituitary adenoma: case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Acinic cell carcinoma is a common neoplasm of the salivary glands that occurs predominately in the parotid.
  • Only one case of a familial recurrence of such a neoplasm and 16 cases of bilateral tumors have been reported.
  • METHODS: History files and histologic reports of a patient with bilateral multifocal acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid and a synchronous pituitary adenoma, and of the patient's sister and his father, also treated for parotid tumours, were retrieved.
  • RESULTS: There was one recurrence of acinic cell carcinoma in the family.
  • A pituitary tumor was a chromophobe gonotrophic adenoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the 17th case of bilateral acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland and the second reported case with a familial recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15920750.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. González-Peramato P, Jiménez-Heffernan JA, López-Ferrer P, Vicandi B, Viguer JM: Fine needle aspiration cytology of dedifferentiated acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2006 Jan-Feb;50(1):105-8
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  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration cytology of dedifferentiated acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Dedifferentiation of acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) to undifferentiated carcinoma occurs rarely and entails a poor prognosis.
  • More rarely the neoplasm presents with areas of well-differentiated ACC coexisting with dedifferentiated ones.
  • They were distributed in small and larger, branching groups with acinic morphology.
  • A cytologic diagnosis of "salivary carcinoma with coexisting areas of acinic cell differentiation and high grade, undifferentiated carcinoma" was given.
  • Histopathology revealed a well-differentiated ACC with areas of high grade undifferentiated carcinoma (dedifferentiated ACC).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / diagnosis. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Cell Differentiation. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16514851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Hirota SK, Modolo F, Portela de Albuquerque MA, Lehn CN, Sugaya NN, Machado de Sousa SO, Paraiso Cavalcanti MG: Recurring acinic cell carcinoma of the buccal mucosa: a case report. Quintessence Int; 2007 Apr;38(4):289-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurring acinic cell carcinoma of the buccal mucosa: a case report.
  • A case of acinic cell adenocarcinoma of the left facial area of 10-years' duration in a 29-year-old man is presented.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17432783.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-6572
  • [Journal-full-title] Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Quintessence Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Keratin-8; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Vimentin
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23. Driemel O, Maier H, Kraft K, Haase S, Hemmer J: Flow cytometric DNA ploidy in salivary gland tumours. Oncol Rep; 2005 Jan;13(1):161-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Flow cytometric DNA ploidy in salivary gland tumours.
  • This study on 279 tumours of the salivary glands was conducted to analyse whether the assessment of DNA ploidy by flow cytometry may assist histopathology in discriminating benign from malignant types of tumours.
  • The group of benign tumours included 164 pleomorphic adenomas, 51 Warthin's tumours, 7 basal cell adenomas, 2 lipomas as well as 5 other different tumours.
  • The malignant tumours consisted of 18 adenoid cystic adenomas, 10 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 5 acinic cell carcinomas, 5 carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma as well as of 12 other malignancies belonging to 7 different tumour entities.
  • Twelve of 50 malignant salivary gland tumours were aneuploid.
  • In three cases which initially were taken for pleomorphic adenomas by routine histological examination, aneuploid cell populations exposed by DNA flow cytometric analysis gave rise to a closer inspection of the suspect lesions.
  • Examination of consecutive slides actually revealed small assemblies of carcinoma cells that required a final diagnosis as non-invasive carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma.
  • The most obvious value of DNA flow cytometry in salivary gland tumours is thus its contribution to assist histopathology in identifying potentially malignant lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Flow Cytometry. Ploidies. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Salivary Glands / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15583819.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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24. Vargas PA, Torres-Rendon A, Speight PM: DNA ploidy analysis in salivary gland tumours by image cytometry. J Oral Pathol Med; 2007 Jul;36(6):371-6
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  • [Title] DNA ploidy analysis in salivary gland tumours by image cytometry.
  • AIM: To determine whether DNA ploidy by image cytometry is a good diagnostic tool to distinguish benign and malignant salivary gland tumours.
  • METHODS: A total of 62 salivary gland tumours were studied.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, there were 14 mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC), 11 adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), 10 pleomorphic adenomas (PA), 10 carcinoma ex PA (CEPA), 9 acinic cell carcinomas (ACCa), 3 polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas (PLGA), 2 papillary cystadenocarcinomas (PC), 1 myoepithelial carcinoma (MC), 1 undifferentiated carcinoma (UC) and 1 mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA).
  • Paraffin sections (40 microm) were micro-dissected to isolate tumour areas; cell nuclei were extracted and Feulgen-stained cytospin monolayers were analysed using a DNA image cytometry system.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-three of 62 salivary gland tumours were uniformly diploid.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of salivary gland tumours were diploid.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Image Cytometry. Ploidies. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17559500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0904-2512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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25. Fehr A, Stenman G, Bullerdiek J, Löning T: [Molecular markers in salivary gland tumors: their use in diagnostic and prognostic workup]. Pathologe; 2009 Nov;30(6):466-71
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  • [Title] [Molecular markers in salivary gland tumors: their use in diagnostic and prognostic workup].
  • The molecular genetic background of salivary gland neoplasms has not been characterized in detail to date.
  • CRTC1-MAML2 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma, or PLAG1 and HMGA2 in pleomorphic adenoma.
  • One of the major advantages of molecular tumor markers is that valid results are obtained on minute cell and/or tissue samples.
  • This is also true for the most frequent malignant salivary gland tumors after the mucoepidermoid carcinoma, i.e. adenoid cystic carcinomas and acinic cell carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / genetics. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Chromosome Aberrations. Comparative Genomic Hybridization. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA-Binding Proteins. Gene Fusion. HMGA2 Protein. Humans. Nuclear Proteins. Prognosis. Protein Array Analysis. Salivary Glands / pathology. Transcription Factors

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  • (PMID = 19784654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CRTC1 protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / HMGA2 Protein; 0 / MAML2 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / PLAG1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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26. Luukkaa H, Klemi P, Leivo I, Koivunen P, Laranne J, Mäkitie A, Virtaniemi J, Hinkka S, Grénman R: Salivary gland cancer in Finland 1991--96: an evaluation of 237 cases. Acta Otolaryngol; 2005 Feb;125(2):207-14
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  • [Title] Salivary gland cancer in Finland 1991--96: an evaluation of 237 cases.
  • CONCLUSION: In this material consisting of various salivary gland carcinomas, stage I, male gender and age were the most powerful predictors of patient outcome.
  • OBJECTIVES: To retrieve the records of all salivary gland cancer (SGC) patients diagnosed in Finland between 1991 and 1996 and to evaluate the incidence, histological type and location of SGC, the treatment given and the outcome.
  • The commonest tumor location was the parotid gland (n = 152; 64%), followed by the minor salivary glands (n =46; 19%), the submandibular gland (n =38; 16%) and the sublingual gland (n = 1; 0.4%).
  • The most frequent histological types of SGC were adenoid cystic carcinoma (n =65; 27%), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n =45; 19%) and acinic cell carcinoma (n =41; 17%).
  • Of the commonest tumor types, the best 5-year relative survival rate was for patients with acinic cell carcinoma (96%), followed by those with mucoepidermoid (79%) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (74%).
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma / epidemiology. Carcinoma / mortality. Carcinoma / surgery. Female. Finland / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Parotid Neoplasms / epidemiology. Parotid Neoplasms / mortality. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Population Surveillance / methods. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15880955.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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27. Leivo I, Jee KJ, Heikinheimo K, Laine M, Ollila J, Nagy B, Knuutila S: Characterization of gene expression in major types of salivary gland carcinomas with epithelial differentiation. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Jan 15;156(2):104-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization of gene expression in major types of salivary gland carcinomas with epithelial differentiation.
  • Gene expression profiles were studied in 13 cases of salivary gland carcinoma including mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), acinic cell carcinoma (ACC), and salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) using a cDNA array.
  • The small number of similarly deregulated genes in these carcinoma entities suggests an extensive genetic variation between them.
  • This result agrees with the great histopathological diversity of different entities of salivary gland carcinoma.
  • Furthermore, diversity in gene expression between the carcinoma types was identified also by hierarchical clustering.
  • Each carcinoma entity was clustered together but MEC, SDC, and ACC were separated from each other.
  • In MEC, overexpressed genes included those of cell proliferation (IL-6 and SFN) and cell adhesion (SEMA3F and COL6A3), whereas many underexpressed genes were related to DNA modification (NTHL1 and RBBP4).
  • Apoptosis-related genes CASP10 and MMP11 were overexpressed in SDC, in accordance with the typical tumor necrosis seen in this entity.
  • An intermediate filament protein of basal epithelial cells, cytokeratin 14 (KRT14) was clearly differently expressed between the 3 types of carcinoma, and can be used as an aid in their differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Parotid Neoplasms / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Base Sequence. DNA Primers. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


28. Foschini MP, Krausz T: Salivary gland-type tumors of the breast: a spectrum of benign and malignant tumors including "triple negative carcinomas" of low malignant potential. Semin Diagn Pathol; 2010 Feb;27(1):77-90
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  • [Title] Salivary gland-type tumors of the breast: a spectrum of benign and malignant tumors including "triple negative carcinomas" of low malignant potential.
  • Salivary gland-type neoplasms of the breast are uncommon and comprise numerous entities analogous to that more commonly seen in salivary glands.
  • The clinicopathologic spectrum ranges from benign to malignant but there are important differences as compared with those of their salivary counterpart.
  • In the breast, benign adenomyoepithelioma is recognized in addition to malignant one, whereas in the salivary gland a histologically similar tumor is designated as epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma without a separate benign subgroup.
  • Mammary adenoid cystic carcinoma is a low-grade neoplasm compared with its salivary equivalent.
  • It is also important to appreciate that in contrast to "triple negative" conventional breast carcinomas with aggressive course, most salivary-type malignant breast neoplasms behave in a low-grade manner.
  • Well established examples of this group include pleomorphic adenoma, adenomyoepithelioma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Another family of salivary gland-type mammary epithelial neoplasms is devoid of myoepithelial cells.
  • Key examples include mucoepidermoid carcinoma and acinic cell carcinoma.
  • The number of cases of salivary gland-type mammary neoplasms in the published data is constantly increasing but some of the rarest subtypes like polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and oncocytic carcinoma are "struggling" to become clinically relevant entities in line with those occurring more frequently in salivary glands.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / metabolism. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenomyoepithelioma / metabolism. Adenomyoepithelioma / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20306833.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-2570
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; EC 2.7.10.1 / ERBB2 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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29. Gürbüz Y, Yildiz K, Aydin O, Almaç A: Immunophenotypical profiles of salivary gland tumours: a new evidence for their histogenetic origin. Pathologica; 2006 Apr;98(2):147-52
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  • [Title] Immunophenotypical profiles of salivary gland tumours: a new evidence for their histogenetic origin.
  • The histogenetic origin of salivary gland tumours is not clear.
  • In this study, we examine the immunophenotypic properties of salivary gland tumours in order to obtain further insight into their histogenesis.
  • 30 cases of salivary gland tumours (18 pleomorphic adenomas, 8 Warthin's tumours, 2 basal cell adenomas, 2 acinic cell carcinomas) were included in our study.
  • CK14 was found in all tumours except acinic cell carcinomas (p < 0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Actins / analysis. Keratins / analysis. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / chemistry. Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenoma / chemistry. Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / chemistry. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / chemistry. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Organ Specificity. Protein Isoforms / analysis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16929788.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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30. Shigeishi H, Yoneda S, Taki M, Nobumori T, Ohta K, Higashikawa K, Yasui W, Kamata N: Correlation of human Bub1 expression with tumor-proliferating activity in salivary gland tumors. Oncol Rep; 2006 Apr;15(4):933-8
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  • [Title] Correlation of human Bub1 expression with tumor-proliferating activity in salivary gland tumors.
  • Human Bub1 plays an important role at the spindle assembly check-point to prevent cell cycle progression following spindle damage.
  • We examined the expression of Bub1 mRNA and protein in 21 human salivary gland tumors (7 pleomorphic adenomas, 2 warthin tumors, 5 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 3 adenoid cystic carcinomas and 4 acinic cell carcinomas) and 3 normal submandibular glands using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or western blotting.
  • We analyzed its relation with the proliferative activity monitored by the Ki-67 labeling index by immunohistochemistry as well as the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) by Western blotting.
  • A significant correlation was found between Bub1 mRNA/protein expression and the Ki-67 labeling index in salivary gland tumors (Spearman's correlation coefficient by rank test, p=0.026/p=0.002).
  • These results indicate that increased expression of the human Bub1 gene is closely linked to abnormal cell proliferation in malignant conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Proliferation. Protein Kinases / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / genetics. Adenolymphoma / metabolism. Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / metabolism. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Blotting, Western. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / genetics. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / genetics. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / genetics. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Neoplasm Staging. Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / analysis. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16525682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.7.- / Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / BUB1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Bub1 spindle checkpoint protein; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
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31. Kakarala K, Bhattacharyya N: Survival in oral cavity minor salivary gland carcinoma. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Jul;143(1):122-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Survival in oral cavity minor salivary gland carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and comparative survival for minor salivary gland cancer of the oral cavity.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cases of minor salivary gland cancer of the oral cavity were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (1988-2005) and staged.
  • RESULTS: A total of 639 salivary gland cancers of the oral cavity (55% female; mean age, 56 years) were identified with complete staging information, consisting of 318 mucoepidermoid, 169 adenoid cystic, 139 adenocarcinoma, and 14 acinic cell cancers.
  • Overall mean survival (months) was 157.9 and was similar across histologic subtypes: mucoepidermoid (172.4), adenoid cystic (141.4), acinic cell (138.7), and adenocarcinoma (147.2).
  • Survival for low- and intermediate-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma (171.0 and 182.3, respectively) was better than survival for high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma (50.3, P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: T stage and N stage are the most powerful predictors of survival in minor salivary gland carcinoma of the oral cavity.
  • With the exception of high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, survival for these lesions is generally favorable.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / mortality. Carcinoma / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / mortality. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. SEER Program. Sex Factors. Survival Rate. United States / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20620630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6817
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Piechocki MP, Yoo GH, Dibbley SK, Amjad EH, Lonardo F: Iressa induces cytostasis and augments Fas-mediated apoptosis in acinic cell adenocarcinoma overexpressing HER2/neu. Int J Cancer; 2006 Jul 15;119(2):441-54
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  • [Title] Iressa induces cytostasis and augments Fas-mediated apoptosis in acinic cell adenocarcinoma overexpressing HER2/neu.
  • Understanding the role of signal transduction in regulating pathways responsible for cell growth, survival and apoptosis is critical for cancer therapy.
  • We developed and characterized a HER2/neu and Fas overexpressing cell line (BNT.888 ACA2) from a salivary gland adenocarcinoma that arose in a HER2/neu transgenic mouse.
  • We evaluated the effects of Iressa on signal transduction networks downstream of the activated HER2 and the impact on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD95 / metabolism. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / drug therapy. Neoplasm Proteins / drug effects. Quinazolines / pharmacology. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Blotting, Western. Caspases / drug effects. Caspases / metabolism. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Transgenic. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / drug effects. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / metabolism. Phosphorylation / drug effects. Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases / drug effects. Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases / metabolism. Signal Transduction / drug effects. Up-Regulation


33. Skálová A, Vanecek T, Sima R, Laco J, Weinreb I, Perez-Ordonez B, Starek I, Geierova M, Simpson RH, Passador-Santos F, Ryska A, Leivo I, Kinkor Z, Michal M: Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands, containing the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene: a hitherto undescribed salivary gland tumor entity. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 May;34(5):599-608
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  • [Title] Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands, containing the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene: a hitherto undescribed salivary gland tumor entity.
  • We present a series of 16 salivary gland tumors with histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features reminiscent of secretory carcinoma of the breast.
  • This is a hitherto undescribed and distinctive salivary gland neoplasm, with features resembling both salivary acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) and low-grade cystadenocarcinoma, and displaying strong similarities to breast secretory carcinoma.
  • For this tumor, we propose a designation mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands (MASC).
  • Thirteen cases occurred in the parotid gland, and one each in the minor salivary glands of the buccal mucosa, upper lip, and palate.
  • This translocation was not found in any conventional salivary AciCC (12 cases), nor in other tumor types including pleomorphic adenoma (1 case) and low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (1 case), whereas ETV6-NTRK3 gene rearrangements were proven in all 3 tested cases of mammary secretory carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. RNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Salivary Glands / surgery. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Oct;35(10):1600-2 [21934478.001]
  • (PMID = 20410810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / ETV6-NTRK3 fusion protein, human; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm
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34. Luukkaa H, Klemi P, Hirsimäki P, Vahlberg T, Kivisaari A, Kähäri VM, Grénman R: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 in salivary gland cancer. Acta Oncol; 2010;49(1):85-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 in salivary gland cancer.
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression of MMP-7 in salivary gland cancer (SGC) by immunohistochemistry and to associate the results with the clinical data and the 10-year survival of the SGC patients.
  • By age-adjusted analysis lower staining intensity was associated with worse overall survival of patients with acinic cell carcinoma (p = 0.047, HR 6.5, 95% Cl 1.0-41.7) and in mucoepidermoid carcinoma (p = 0.010, HR 9.3, 95% CI 1.7-50.0).
  • Low staining intensity was also associated with worse disease-specific survival of patients with acinic cell carcinoma (0-1 vs. 2-3; p = 0.047, HR 13.7, 1.0-200.0).
  • CONCLUSIONS: MMP-7 is associated with the prognosis of patients with acinic cell and mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 / biosynthesis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Ductal / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal / mortality. Carcinoma, Ductal / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 19929564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-226X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.23 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 7
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35. Luukkaa H, Klemi P, Hirsimäki P, Vahlberg T, Kivisaari A, Kähäri VM, Grénman R: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -9 and -13 as prognostic factors in salivary gland cancer. Acta Otolaryngol; 2008 Apr;128(4):482-90
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  • [Title] Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -9 and -13 as prognostic factors in salivary gland cancer.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the current study matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-9 and -13 were associated with the prognosis in salivary gland cancer (SGC), indicating that they contribute to the progression and invasion of these malignant tumours.
  • High MMP-13 intensity (2+3 vs 1; p=0.05), percentage (2 vs 1; p=0.03) and index (3 vs 1; p=0.02) were associated with poor survival in acinic cell carcinoma.
  • However, high MMP-9 index in adenoid cystic carcinoma (p=0.06) and the percentage of positively staining cells in salivary duct carcinoma patients (p=0.05) was associated with poor survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / enzymology. Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Finland / epidemiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate / trends. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18368586.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.- / Matrix Metalloproteinase 13; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9; EC 3.4.24.7 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
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36. Schwarz S, Ettl T, Kleinsasser N, Hartmann A, Reichert TE, Driemel O: Loss of Maspin expression is a negative prognostic factor in common salivary gland tumors. Oral Oncol; 2008 Jun;44(6):563-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Loss of Maspin expression is a negative prognostic factor in common salivary gland tumors.
  • Maspin, a 42kDa protein, belongs to the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) family and is suggested to have inhibitory effects on tumor-induced angiogenesis, tumor cell motility, invasion and metastasis and influences prognosis of tumor patients.
  • The aim of the study was to analyze Maspin expression in salivary gland cancer as well as its prognostic impact on survival in comparison to clinical parameters.
  • Immunohistochemical staining was carried out in 73 cases of salivary gland malignancies.
  • High proportions of Maspin expression were observed in adenoid cystic carcinomas, mucoepidermoid carcinomas and carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenoma, low proportions were seen in salivary duct carcinomas.
  • Acinic cell carcinomas did not show any Maspin expression.
  • Analysis of the prognostic impact of Maspin expression was restricted to salivary gland carcinoma types of intermediate malignancy grade (adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma and carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma).
  • For these tumors, univariate analyses revealed that T-stage (p=0.025), age70 (p=0.0065), loss of Maspin (p=0.0016) and presence of residual tumor (p<0.001) correlated with poor prognosis.
  • Moreover, negative Maspin staining was associated with lymph node metastasis and residual tumor.
  • According to these findings, Maspin might be useful as a new prognostic marker in adenoid cystic carcinoma and in salivary gland carcinomas with intermediate grade of malignancy where grading systems are still under debate.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Serpins / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / metabolism. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / mortality. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / mortality. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Prognosis. Serine Proteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17936671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SERPIN-B5; 0 / Serine Proteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Serpins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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37. Douglas JG, Goodkin R, Laramore GE: Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery for salivary gland neoplasms with base of skull invasion following neutron radiotherapy. Head Neck; 2008 Apr;30(4):492-6
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  • [Title] Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery for salivary gland neoplasms with base of skull invasion following neutron radiotherapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Our aim was to examine the outcome of patients treated with a planned gamma knife boost after completion of neutron radiotherapy for salivary gland neoplasms involving the base of skull.
  • METHODS: Thirty-four patients with salivary gland neoplasms involving the base of skull were treated from 2001 to 2005 at our institution.
  • The patients had the following characteristics: median age: 54 years (range, 23-80); median follow-up period: 20.5 months (range, 4-55); women-to-men patient ratio: 1.1:1; histology: 29 adenoid cystic, 3 adenocarcinoma, 1 acinic cell, 1 mucoepidermoid; primary sites of disease: 6 nasopharyngeal, 14 paranasal sinuses, 4 parotid gland, 8 oral cavity, 1 lacrimal gland, and 1 auditory canal.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with primary salivary gland neoplasms that involve the base of skull and are treated with neutron radiotherapy alone are at high risk of local recurrence.
  • These preliminary results suggest that all patients with salivary neoplasms and base of skull invasion should be considered for a gamma knife boost after primary treatment with neutron radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiosurgery. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Skull Base Neoplasms / pathology. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Radiotherapy Dosage. Skull Base / pathology. Skull Base / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18023034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Shigeishi H, Mizuta K, Higashikawa K, Yoneda S, Ono S, Kamata N: Correlation of CENP-F gene expression with tumor-proliferating activity in human salivary gland tumors. Oral Oncol; 2005 Aug;41(7):716-22
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  • [Title] Correlation of CENP-F gene expression with tumor-proliferating activity in human salivary gland tumors.
  • We examined the expression of Centromere protein F (CENP-F) mRNA in 26 human salivary gland tumors (seven pleomorphic adenomas, three Warthin tumors, seven mucoepidermoid carcinomas, four adenoid cystic carcinomas, four acinic cell carcinomas and one malignant myoepithelioma) and four normal submandibular glands using the real time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  • These results indicate that human CENP-F mRNA is closely linked to the increased or abnormal cell proliferation in malignant conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / genetics. Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Proliferation. Female. Humans. Male. Microfilament Proteins. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Submandibular Gland / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15927522.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / centromere protein F
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39. Vargas PA, Cheng Y, Barrett AW, Craig GT, Speight PM: Expression of Mcm-2, Ki-67 and geminin in benign and malignant salivary gland tumours. J Oral Pathol Med; 2008 May;37(5):309-18
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  • [Title] Expression of Mcm-2, Ki-67 and geminin in benign and malignant salivary gland tumours.
  • The aims of this study were to determine the expression of Mcm-2, Ki-67 and geminin in salivary gland (SG) tumours, and to evaluate their usefulness for diagnosis or for prediction of tumour behaviour.
  • There were 13 adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), 10 carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenomas (CEPA), 10 mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC), 10 polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas (PLGA), 10 pleomorphic adenomas (PA) and nine acinic cell carcinomas (AcCC).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Cell Cycle Proteins / biosynthesis. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / metabolism. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Geminin. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Microarray Analysis. Middle Aged. Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18248354.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0714
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / GMNN protein, human; 0 / Geminin; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; EC 3.6.4.12 / MCM2 protein, human; EC 3.6.4.12 / Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2
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40. Chen AM, Granchi PJ, Garcia J, Bucci MK, Fu KK, Eisele DW: Local-regional recurrence after surgery without postoperative irradiation for carcinomas of the major salivary glands: implications for adjuvant therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2007 Mar 15;67(4):982-7
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  • [Title] Local-regional recurrence after surgery without postoperative irradiation for carcinomas of the major salivary glands: implications for adjuvant therapy.
  • PURPOSE: To determine factors predictive of local-regional recurrence (LRR) after surgery alone for carcinomas of the major salivary glands in an attempt to evaluate the potential role of postoperative radiation therapy.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1960 and 2004, 207 patients with carcinomas of the major salivary glands were treated with definitive surgery without postoperative radiation therapy.
  • Histology was: 67 mucoepidermoid (32%), 50 adenoid cystic (24%), 34 acinic cell (16%), 23 malignant mixed (11%), 16 adenocarcinoma (8%), 6 oncocytic (3%), 6 myoepithelial (3%), and 5 other (2%).
  • CONCLUSION: Lymph node metastasis, high tumor grade, positive margins, and T3-4 stage predict for significant rates of LRR after surgery for carcinomas of the major salivary glands.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / secondary. Carcinoma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Analysis of Variance. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Proportional Hazards Models. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17241753.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Miliauskas JR, Hunt JL: Primary unilateral multifocal pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: molecular assessment and literature review. Head Neck Pathol; 2008 Dec;2(4):339-42
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  • [Title] Primary unilateral multifocal pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: molecular assessment and literature review.
  • Multiple separate tumors developing in a single salivary gland is rare in previously untreated patients.
  • Tumors that can be multicentric include Warthin tumor, oncocytoma, basal cell adenoma and acinic cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Clone Cells. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 20614306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807582
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Multifocal / Parotid gland / Pleomorphic adenoma
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42. Boukheris H, Curtis RE, Land CE, Dores GM: Incidence of carcinoma of the major salivary glands according to the WHO classification, 1992 to 2006: a population-based study in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2009 Nov;18(11):2899-906
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of carcinoma of the major salivary glands according to the WHO classification, 1992 to 2006: a population-based study in the United States.
  • BACKGROUND: Carcinomas of the major salivary glands (M-SGC) comprise a morphologically diverse group of rare tumors of largely unknown cause.
  • Squamous cell (IR, 3.44) and mucoepidermoid (IR, 3.23) carcinomas occurred most frequently among males, whereas mucoepidermoid (IR, 2.67), acinic cell (IR, 1.57), and adenoid cystic (IR, 1.40) carcinomas were most common among females.
  • Mucoepidermoid, acinic cell, and adenoid cystic carcinomas predominated in females through age approximately 50 years; thereafter, IRs of acinic cell and adenoid cystic carcinomas were nearly equal among females and males, whereas IRs of mucoepidermoid carcinoma among males exceeded IRs among females (IRR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.38-1.78).
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma occurred equally in the submandibular and parotid glands, and other M-SGC histologic subtypes evaluated had 77% to 98% lower IRs in the submandibular gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / classification. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Risk Factors. SEER Program. United States / epidemiology. World Health Organization. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19861510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010183-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS144622; NLM/ PMC2779732
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43. van Tongeren J, Creytens DH, Meulemans EV, de Bondt RB, de Jong J, Manni JJ: Synchronous bilateral epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland: case report and review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Sep;266(9):1495-500
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  • [Title] Synchronous bilateral epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland: case report and review of the literature.
  • The most common synchronous bilateral malignancies are acinic cell carcinoma.
  • Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm comprising 1% of all salivary gland tumours.
  • In this case report, we describe, to our best of knowledge, the first case of a patient with a synchronous bilateral epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland.
  • Imaging studies like ultrasonography are mandatory for both parotid glands and upper necks in the clinical presence of a unilateral parotid gland tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18841376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 35
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2718197
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44. Lima RA, Tavares MR, Dias FL, Kligerman J, Nascimento MF, Barbosa MM, Cernea CR, Soares JR, Santos IC, Salviano S: Clinical prognostic factors in malignant parotid gland tumors. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Nov;133(5):702-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical prognostic factors in malignant parotid gland tumors.
  • RESULTS: Forty patients had mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 18 patients adenocarcinoma NOS, 18 patients acinic cell carcinoma, 15 patients adenoid cystic carcinoma, 11 patients malignant mixed tumor, 11 patients salivary duct carcinoma, and 13 patients other pathology.
  • CONCLUSION: The grade of the tumor and stage were the most important prognostic factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / mortality. Parotid Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neck Dissection / methods. Neoplasm Staging. Parotid Gland / radiation effects. Parotid Gland / surgery. Probability. Proportional Hazards Models. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sex Factors. Survival Analysis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16274796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Nagliati M, Bolner A, Vanoni V, Tomio L, Lay G, Murtas R, Deidda MA, Madeddu A, Delmastro E, Verna R, Gabriele P, Amichetti M: Surgery and radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant parotid tumors: a retrospective multicenter study. Tumori; 2009 Jul-Aug;95(4):442-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Major salivary gland cancers are rare, with many histologic types and subtypes.
  • The most frequent histologies were adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 16), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (n = 15), and acinic cell carcinoma (n = 15).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of salivary gland malignancies remains primarily surgical.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19856654.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8916
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumori
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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46. Zhang S, Bao R, Abreo F: Papillary oncocytic cystadenoma of the parotid glands: a report of 2 cases with varied cytologic features. Acta Cytol; 2009 Jul-Aug;53(4):445-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Papillary cystadenoma is a rare salivary gland neoplasm, and oncocytic change can be focal or marked.
  • Papillary oncocytic cystadenoma has been reported mainly in the minor salivary glands and occasionally in the parotid glands.
  • CASES: A 26-year-old female presented with a 2.4-cm, cystic right parotid gland mass present for 4 months.
  • The diagnosis ofa neoplasm was rendered and excisional biopsy recommended.
  • Oncocytic neoplasm was diagnosed during intraoperative consultation, and final surgical histology showed a unilocular, cystic, oncocytic neoplasm with variable papillary projections.
  • Oncocytic neoplasm was diagnosed during intraoperative consultation, and final surgical histology showed a unilocular cystic lesion with multiple papillary fronds lined with oncocytic cells and focal metaplastic squamous cells.
  • Warthin's tumor, oncocytoma, intraductal papilloma and acinic cell carcinoma may arise in the differential diagnosis.
  • In cases with extensive necrotic debris and metaplastic squamous cells, branchial cyst and cystic metastatic squamous carcinoma may also need to be considered.

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  • (PMID = 19697734.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Luna MA: Sinonasal tubulopapillary low-grade adenocarcinoma: a specific diagnosis or just another seromucous adenocarcinoma? Adv Anat Pathol; 2005 May;12(3):109-15
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  • Histopathologically, sinonasal adenocarcinomas fall into four categories: the intestinal type, the conventional salivary gland type (eg, adenoid cystic carcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma), the seromucous type, and the low-grade not otherwise specified type.
  • In this commentary, the histologic features of this type of tumor are compared with those of the other types of sinonasal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • [CommentOn] Virchows Arch. 2003 Aug;443(2):152-8 [12827515.001]
  • (PMID = 15900111.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Daneshbod Y, Negahban S, Khademi B: Re: acinic cell carcinoma of salivary gland with massive deposits of globular amyloid. Int J Surg Pathol; 2009 Jun;17(3):276-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Salivary Gland Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Re: acinic cell carcinoma of salivary gland with massive deposits of globular amyloid.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acinic Cell Carcinoma.
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  • (PMID = 19321535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amyloid
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49. Thompson LD: Salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma. Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 Nov;89(11):530-2
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Salivary Gland Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acinic Cell Carcinoma.
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  • (PMID = 21086276.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Hall DA, Pu RT: Acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: a continuing medical education case. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Jun;36(6):379-85; quiz 386-7
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland: a continuing medical education case.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Acinar Cell. Salivary Gland Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Education, Medical, Continuing. Female. Humans. Prognosis. Salivary Glands / pathology

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acinic Cell Carcinoma.
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  • (PMID = 18478605.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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