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1. Alarico AG, Romero N, Hernández L, Catalá S, Gorla D: Residual effect of a micro-encapsulated formulation of organophosphates and piriproxifen on the mortality of deltamethrin resistant Triatoma infestans populations in rural houses of the Bolivian Chaco region. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz; 2010 Sep;105(6):752-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Residual effect of a micro-encapsulated formulation of organophosphates and piriproxifen on the mortality of deltamethrin resistant Triatoma infestans populations in rural houses of the Bolivian Chaco region.
  • The Bolivian Chaco is part of the endemic region of Chagas disease and an area where pyrethroid resistant Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) populations has been reported.
  • The World Health Organization identified these resistant populations as an important focus for research.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the residual effect of a micro-encapsulated formulation containing organophosphate active ingredients and a juvenile hormone analogue (Inesfly 5A IGR) on the mortality of T. infestans.
  • Studies took place in rural houses of the Bolivian Chaco that were treated up to 34 months before and evaluated the susceptibility to pyrethroids of the offspring of field collected insects.
  • Thirty houses were randomly selected within three communities to carry out wall bio-assays with T. infestans nymphs.
  • Mortality was recorded 24, 48 and 72 h after wall contact.
  • Eggs laid by females collected in the area were used to obtain first-instar nymphs and carry out pyrethroid susceptibility tests.
  • The wall bio-assays showed that the micro-encapsulated insecticide eliminates T. infestans populations and produces detectable mortality of insects exposed to walls treated 34 months prior to the tests.
  • The discriminant dose of deltamethrin (0.01 mg/mL) showed 65% nymph survival, whereas at the highest tested dose (1.0 mg/mL) 14% of the nymphs survived.
  • These results show that Inesfly 5A IGR is an appropriate tool for the elimination of intradomestic and peridomestic populations of T. infestans resistant to pyrethroids.
  • [MeSH-major] Insect Vectors. Organophosphates. Pesticide Residues. Pyridines. Triatoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Bolivia. Capsules. Female. Housing. Insecticide Resistance. Nitriles. Nymph. Pyrethrins. Rural Population. Time Factors

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PYRIPROXYFEN .
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  • (PMID = 20944988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-8060
  • [Journal-full-title] Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Capsules; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / Organophosphates; 0 / Pesticide Residues; 0 / Pyrethrins; 0 / Pyridines; 2JTS8R821G / decamethrin; 95737-68-1 / pyriproxyfen
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