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1. Luo L, Zhang J, Cui H, Weng J: [The metastatic pattern of thoracic lymph nodes in 155 patients with lung cancer]. Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi; 2007 Oct 20;10(5):422-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The metastatic pattern of thoracic lymph nodes in 155 patients with lung cancer].
  • BACKGROUND: Intrathoracic lymph node metastasis including hilus and mediastinum is one of important prognosis factors of lung cancer.
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics and patterns of lymph node metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer and to provide evidence for determining the range of lymph node dissection.
  • METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five patients with non-small cell lung cancer received complete resection combined with systematic lymph node dissection according to the mapping system developed by Naruke.
  • RESULTS: A total of 1553 lymph nodes were dissected from 155 lung cancer patients.
  • Fifteen patients (9.7%) were found with skipping N2 which were located in lymph node groups 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively.
  • There was close correlation between lymph node metastasis and T stage (P < 0.01).
  • The metastatic rate of lymph node in different histology had no significant difference.
  • Skipping mediastinal lymphatic metastasis was found more frequently in lung cancer.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Lymph node metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer may occur in multiple groups and regions, even in a skipping pattern.
  • Systematic lymph node dissection may be routinely performed in pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer except stage T1.

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  • (PMID = 21126413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3419
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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2. Tournoy KG, Annema JT, Krasnik M, Herth FJ, van Meerbeeck JP: Endoscopic and endobronchial ultrasonography according to the proposed lymph node map definition in the seventh edition of the tumor, node, metastasis classification for lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol; 2009 Dec;4(12):1576-84
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  • [Title] Endoscopic and endobronchial ultrasonography according to the proposed lymph node map definition in the seventh edition of the tumor, node, metastasis classification for lung cancer.
  • Accurate assessment of lymph node involvement is a critical step in patients with non-small cell lung cancer in the absence of distant metastases.
  • The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer has proposed a new lymph node map, which provides precise anatomic definitions for all intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • Transoesophageal endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration and endobronchial ultrasound with transbronchial needle aspiration are two minimally invasive techniques that are increasingly implemented in the staging of non-small cell lung cancer.
  • We here discuss the reach and limits of endoscopic ultrasound in the precise delineation and approach of the intrathoracic lymph nodes according to the new lymph node map for the seventh edition of the tumor, node, metastasis classification for lung cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchi / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / classification. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Endosonography. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 19884852.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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3. Tournoy KG, Maddens S, Gosselin R, Van Maele G, van Meerbeeck JP, Kelles A: Integrated FDG-PET/CT does not make invasive staging of the intrathoracic lymph nodes in non-small cell lung cancer redundant: a prospective study. Thorax; 2007 Aug;62(8):696-701
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  • [Title] Integrated FDG-PET/CT does not make invasive staging of the intrathoracic lymph nodes in non-small cell lung cancer redundant: a prospective study.
  • BACKGROUND: Staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is important for determining choice of treatment and prognosis.
  • The accuracy of FDG-PET scans for staging of lymph nodes is too low to replace invasive nodal staging.
  • METHODS: In a prospective study, the mediastinal and/or hilar lymph nodes in patients with proven NSCLC were investigated with integrated FDG-PET/CT scanning.
  • Pathological confirmation of all suspect lymph nodes was obtained to calculate the accuracy of the fusion images.
  • In addition, the use of the standardised uptake value (SUV) in the staging of intrathoracic lymph nodes was analysed.
  • RESULTS: 105 intrathoracic lymph node stations from 52 patients with NSCLC were characterised.
  • The prevalence of malignancy in the lymph nodes was 36%.
  • The sensitivity of the integrated FDG-PET/CT scan to detect malignant lymph nodes was 84% and its specificity was 85% (positive likelihood ratio 5.64, negative likelihood ratio 0.19).
  • SUV(max), SUV(mean) and the SUV(max)/SUV(liver) ratio were all significantly higher in malignant than in benign lymph nodes.
  • At a cut-off value of 1.5 for the SUV(max)/SUV(liver )ratio, the sensitivity and specificity to detect malignant lymph node invasion were 82% and 93%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The accuracy of integrated FDG-PET/CT scanning is too low to replace invasive intrathoracic lymph node staging in patients with NSCLC.
  • The visual interpretation of the fusion images of the integrated FDG-PET/CT scan can be replaced by the quantitative variable SUV(max)/SUV(liver) without loss of accuracy for intrathoracic lymph node staging.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Lung Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Lymphatic Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Thorax. 2007 Aug;62(8):654-5 [17687093.001]
  • (PMID = 17687098.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-6376
  • [Journal-full-title] Thorax
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorax
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2117288
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4. Parungo CP, Soybel DI, Colson YL, Kim SW, Ohnishi S, DeGrand AM, Laurence RG, Soltesz EG, Chen FY, Cohn LH, Bawendi MG, Frangioni JV: Lymphatic drainage of the peritoneal space: a pattern dependent on bowel lymphatics. Ann Surg Oncol; 2007 Feb;14(2):286-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Understanding lymph drainage patterns of the peritoneum could assist in staging and treatment of gastrointestinal and ovarian malignancies.
  • Sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) have been identified for solid organs and the pleural space.
  • Our purpose was to determine whether the peritoneal space has a predictable lymph node drainage pattern.
  • RESULTS: Quantum dots drained to the celiac, superior mesenteric, and periportal lymph node groups.
  • HSA800 drained to these same groups at early time points but continued flowing to the mediastinal lymph nodes via the thoracic duct.
  • After bowel resection, both tracers were found in the thoracic, not abdominal, lymph node groups.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The peritoneal space drains to the celiac, superior mesenteric, and periportal lymph node groups first.
  • Lymph continues via the thoracic duct to the mediastinal lymph nodes.
  • Bowel lymphatics are a key determinant of peritoneal lymph flow, because bowel resection shifts lymph flow directly to the intrathoracic lymph nodes via chest wall lymphatics.

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  • (PMID = 17096058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32 HL72568-01; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R33 EB000673-03; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R33 EB000673; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R33-EB-000673; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA115296; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA115296-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA-115296; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB000673-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA115296-02; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32 HL072568
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS56406; NLM/ PMC2515477
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5. Luh SP, Wu TC, Wang YT, Tsao TC, Chen JY: Experiences and benefits of positron emitted tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) combined with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the diagnosis of Stage 1 sarcoidosis. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B; 2007 Jun;8(6):410-5
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  • [Title] Experiences and benefits of positron emitted tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) combined with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the diagnosis of Stage 1 sarcoidosis.
  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe our experiences and analyze the benefits of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) combined with positron emitted tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of patients with early (Stage 1) sarcoidosis.
  • METHODS: From 1995 to 2006, seven patients (two males, five females), with ages ranging from 26 to 58 years, were impressed with Stage 1 sarcoidosis (mediastinal or hilar lymph nodes involvements without lung involvement) by histological examination of intrathoracic lymph nodes (LNs) and/or lung parenchyma taken from VATS biopsy.
  • RESULTS: All the VATS biopsied LNs or lung specimens were adequate for establishing diagnosis.
  • VATS combined with PET-CT can provide more accurate and earlier diagnosis of patients with unknown intrathoracic lesions, including the sarcoidosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Positron-Emission Tomography. Sarcoidosis / diagnosis. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17565511.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-1581
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1879162
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6. Porzezińska M, Drozdowski J, Poławska K, Wolska-Goszka L, Cynowska B, Słomiński JM: [Isolated sarcoidosis of upper respiratory tract--a description of 2 cases]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol; 2008;76(4):276-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In sarcoidosis almost all organs can be involved but the disease most often affects the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • We present two cases of sarcoidosis limited to upper respiratory tract--a young woman with laryngeal sarcoidosis and recurrent throat pain, and a woman with disease of the sinuses and pharynx and clinical symptoms of chronic sinusitis poorly responsive to conventional treatment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18785133.001).
  • [ISSN] 0867-7077
  • [Journal-full-title] Pneumonologia i alergologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pneumonol Alergol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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7. Kawaguchi T, Kushibe K, Kimura M, Takahama M, Tojo T, Enomoto Y, Nonomura A, Taniguchi S: Outcome of surgical intervention for isolated intrathoracic lymph node metastasis from infradiaphragmatic malignancy: report of two cases. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2006 Oct;12(5):358-61
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  • [Title] Outcome of surgical intervention for isolated intrathoracic lymph node metastasis from infradiaphragmatic malignancy: report of two cases.
  • We report 2 cases with isolated intrathoracic lymph node involvement.
  • This is an unusual manifestation of metastatic spread from an extrathoracic malignancy.
  • Case 1 was a 47-year-old female with a history of radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer of the uterus.
  • Left intrathoracic lymphadenopathy was detected during follow-up.
  • These lesions were surgically removed and diagnosed as multiple lymph node metastases.
  • Two years later, right intrathoracic lymphadenopathy was evident and excised again.
  • Case 2 was a 41-year-old female with a history of resection of sigmoid colon cancer with liver metastases.
  • Left upper lobectomy was performed and the lesion was diagnosed as a solitary lymph node metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Lymph Node Excision / methods. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Thoracotomy / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Thorax. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17095980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-1098
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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8. Xiao ZF, Yang ZY, Miao YJ, Wang LH, Yin WB, Gu XZ, Zhang DC, Sun KL, Chen GY, He J: Influence of number of metastatic lymph nodes on survival of curative resected thoracic esophageal cancer patients and value of radiotherapy: report of 549 cases. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 May 1;62(1):82-90
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  • [Title] Influence of number of metastatic lymph nodes on survival of curative resected thoracic esophageal cancer patients and value of radiotherapy: report of 549 cases.
  • PURPOSE: To analyze the significance of the number of metastatic lymph nodes on survival with and without the addition of prophylactic postoperative radiotherapy (RT) after radical resection of thoracic esophageal carcinoma.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 549 thoracic esophageal squamous cell cancer patients who had undergone radical resection were randomized by the envelope method into a surgery-alone group (S, n = 275) and a surgery plus RT group (S+R, n = 274).
  • We performed a retrospective review of all patients according to the extent of metastasis.
  • The patients were classified into three groups: Group 1, 269 patients (49.0%) without lymph node involvement; Group 2, 159 patients (29.0%) with one to two positive nodes; and Group 3, 121 patients (22.0%) with three or more positive lymph nodes.
  • The 5-year survival rate of the S and S+R groups with positive lymph nodes (Groups 2 and 3) was 17.6% and 34.1% (p = 0.0378).
  • In the positive lymph node groups, the incidence of failure by intrathoracic lymph node metastasis and supraclavicular lymph node metastasis in the S+R group (21.5% and 4.6%, respectively) was lower than in the S group (35.9% and 19.7%, respectively; p <0.012).
  • In the negative lymph node group, the incidence of failure by intrathoracic lymph node metastasis in the S and S+R groups was 27.8% and 13.3%, respectively (p = 0.006).
  • Hematogenous metastasis was the greatest (27.5%) in Group 3 (three or more positive lymph nodes).
  • CONCLUSION: The number of metastatic lymph nodes is one of the important factors affecting the survival of patients with thoracic esophageal carcinoma.
  • In our study, postoperative RT improved the survival of patients with positive lymph nodes.
  • Additionally, postoperative RT reduced the incidence of intrathoracic recurrence and supraclavicular lymph node metastasis for all patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15850906.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Chao YK, Wu YC, Liu YH, Tseng CK, Chang HK, Hsieh MJ, Chu Y, Liu HP: Distant nodal metastases from intrathoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: characteristics of long-term survivors after chemoradiotherapy. J Surg Oncol; 2010 Aug 1;102(2):158-62
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  • [Title] Distant nodal metastases from intrathoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: characteristics of long-term survivors after chemoradiotherapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-regional lymph node metastasis in intrathoracic esophageal cancer is classified as M1 lesion with poor prognosis following surgery alone.
  • RESULTS: From 1994 to 2005, 54 nodal stage IV intrathoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients received neoadjuvant CRT.
  • Multivariate analysis identified pretherapy lymph nodes classified as M1a and R0 resection after CRT as independent favorable prognosticators.
  • The group with incomplete resection had a high surgical risk and dismal survival compared to the non-surgery group (3-year-DFS: 0% vs. 9%, 9.5 vs. 10.5 months).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / mortality. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphatic Metastasis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Disease-Free Survival. Esophagectomy. Female. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies


10. Han S, Sakinci U, Dural K: Left thoracophrenotomy and cervical approach in the surgery of distal third oesophageal and cardia tumours. ANZ J Surg; 2005 Dec;75(12):1045-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Histopathologically, intrathoracic lymph node metastasis was present in eight (27%) patients and intra-abdominal lymph node metastasis was present in 12 (40%) cases.
  • Lymph node dissections of both systems can be made and a safe surgical margin is possible with cervical anastomosis.

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  • [CommentIn] ANZ J Surg. 2005 Dec;75(12):1029 [16398801.001]
  • (PMID = 16398807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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11. Marchevsky AM, Gupta R, Kusuanco D, Mirocha J, McKenna RJ Jr: The presence of isolated tumor cells and micrometastases in the intrathoracic lymph nodes of patients with lung cancer is not associated with decreased survival. Hum Pathol; 2010 Nov;41(11):1536-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The presence of isolated tumor cells and micrometastases in the intrathoracic lymph nodes of patients with lung cancer is not associated with decreased survival.
  • The prognostic role of small intrathoracic nodal metastases in primary patients with lung cancer has been controversial, and it is unclear how their presence should be used for pathologic staging and treatment planning.
  • The intrathoracic lymph nodes from 266 clinical stage I non-small cell carcinoma patients treated at Cedars Sinai Medical Center from 1992 to 2006 were evaluated with immunohistochemistry for keratin AE1/AE3 for the presence of isolated tumor cells and micrometastases, as defined by American Joint Commission on Cancer criteria, correlated with survival using the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed with power analysis.
  • The English literature from 1995 to 2008 was reviewed to identify best available evidence regarding the prognostic value of isolated tumor cells and micrometastases detected with various immunohistochemistry and molecular methods in non-small cell carcinoma patients.
  • Isolated tumor cells and micrometastases were detected in 8 and 67 of 4148 lymph nodes, respectively, and their presence was not significantly associated with survival.
  • Power analysis showed that 3060 cases followed up for 60 months would be needed to achieve 80% power in a study designed to detect survival differences between patients with negative nodes and micrometastases.
  • Meta-analysis of 835 non-small cell carcinoma patients reported in 13 studies showed scanty data to evaluate patients with isolated tumor cells, no significant association between micrometastases and survival and significant data heterogeneity.
  • Current best evidence suggests that non-small cell carcinoma patients should probably not be "upstaged" in the presence of isolated tumor cells and micrometastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / mortality. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / mortality. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. California / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Thorax

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Hum Pathol. 2011 Aug;42(8):1209-10; author reply 1210-1 [21663942.001]
  • (PMID = 20656322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Li Y, Yang Z, Guo Y, Yu J, Lu C, Bai H, Zhu P: [Contrast-enhanced multislice CT features and predominant anatomic distribution of mediastinal malignant lymphoma]. Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Oct;24(5):1045-9
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  • [Title] [Contrast-enhanced multislice CT features and predominant anatomic distribution of mediastinal malignant lymphoma].
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the specific contrast-enhanced MSCT features and predominant anatomic distribution of mediastinal malignant lymphoma.
  • Contrast-enhanced MSCT in 31 cases of mediastinal malignant lymphomas were retrospectively evaluated by analyzing the features of size, morphology, attenuation and anatomic distribution in accordance to the ATS classification of intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • Nine cases of Hodgkin Disease (HD) and 22 cases of Non-Hodgkin Disease (NHL) were included.
  • The enlarged nodes were found to be homogeneous (HD 72.7%, NHL 88.9%) and partly homogeneous with necrosis (HD 27.3%, NHL 11.1%).
  • HD involved predominantly the lymph nodes in the areas of 2R (77.8%), 3 (55.6%), 4R (88.9%), 4L (55.6%), 5 (66.7%), 6 (55.6%), 7 (66.7%) and 10R (55.6%), while NHL often involved the areas of 2R (68.2%), 3 (54.5%) 4R (59.1%), 4L (50%), 5 (54.5%), 6 (54.5%), 7 (54.5%) and 8 (50%).
  • Mediastinal malignant lymphoma had some characteristic manifestations and predominant anatomic distribution shown on contrast-enhanced MSCT, which can provide imaging evidences for diagnosis and for determining the tumor stage.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / radiography. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / radiography. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 18027693.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-5515
  • [Journal-full-title] Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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13. Gubkina MF, Petrakova IIu, Perfil'ev AV, Amansakhatov RB: [Experience with a differential approach to treating mild forms of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(5):23-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Experience with a differential approach to treating mild forms of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children].
  • They analyzed 40 case histories of tuberculosis risk-group children in whom computed tomography revealed changes in the lung or intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • In Group 2, three-month HR therapy ex juvantibus could confirm the diagnosis of active tuberculosis in 8 children and exclude changes of tuberculous etiology in 5 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary

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  • (PMID = 17600926.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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14. Gegeeva FE, Lazareva IaV, Aksenova VA: [Comparative characterization of x-ray studies for diagnosing minor forms of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(5):23-8
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  • [Title] [Comparative characterization of x-ray studies for diagnosing minor forms of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes].
  • This paper deals with a follow-up of children referred for further studies with a presumptive diagnosis of minor tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (ITLN).
  • Comprehensive clinical and X-ray studies employing CT confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis in 81 (43.3%) children.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiography, Thoracic / methods. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / radiography. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Prevalence

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  • (PMID = 16850918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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15. Starshinova AA, Pavlova MV, Skvortsova LA, Dovgaliuk IF: [Approach to diagnosing tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes of a paraaortic group in children]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(12):14-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Approach to diagnosing tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes of a paraaortic group in children].
  • A hundred and seventeen patients aged 3 to 14 years, with suspected tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (ILN) of a paraaortic group in the phase of calcination, were examined at the Clinic of Childhood Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Saint Petersburg Research Institute of Phthisiology.
  • The comprehensive examination made the diagnosis of tuberculosis be cancelled in 35% of cases and confirmed in 65%, by determining the phase and extent of a specific inflammation.
  • In 8.5% the local manifestations of the disease were absent along with the significant symptoms of intoxication and with the activity of tuberculous infection, which gave grounds to establish the diagnosis of tuberculous intoxication.
  • Despite the fact that computed tomography revealed aortic ligament calcification, enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes were detected in 35%.
  • The first detected isolated calcification in the paraaortic group of lymph nodes was diagnosed in 5.9%.
  • The use of the presented complex, the diagnostic efficiency of which was 98%, significantly enhanced the diagnosis and reduced the number of errors in making the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / pathology. Para-Aortic Bodies / pathology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18326208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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16. Shinya T, Rai K, Okumura Y, Fujiwara K, Matsuo K, Yonei T, Sato T, Watanabe K, Kawai H, Sato S, Kanazawa S: Dual-time-point F-18 FDG PET/CT for evaluation of intrathoracic lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Clin Nucl Med; 2009 Apr;34(4):216-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dual-time-point F-18 FDG PET/CT for evaluation of intrathoracic lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose dual-time-point (DTP) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for intrathoracic lymph node (LN) metastases in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • LN diagnoses were confirmed by surgery or clinical follow-up (n=14, metastatic LNs; n=45, nonmetastatic LNs; n=39, inflammatory LNs).
  • RESULTS: The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in the metastatic group was significantly higher than those in the nonmetastatic and inflammatory groups on both early- and delayed-phase imaging (each P<0.0001).
  • The retention index (RI) of SUVmax (RI-SUVmax) in the metastatic group was significantly higher than in the nonmetastatic (P=0.0008) and inflammatory groups (P=0.0074).
  • For early-phase SUVmax, the cut-off value for highest accuracy with metastatic LNs was 3.61, yielding a sensitivity of 86.67% and a specificity of 88.00%.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Radiopharmaceuticals. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 19300050.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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17. Kessel' MM, Agkatsev TV, Lazareva IaV, Perel'man MI: [Surgical treatment for tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in children and adolescents]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(5):33-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Surgical treatment for tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in children and adolescents].
  • Ninety-four children and adolescents with tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (TITLN) were operated on.
  • Late diagnosis and long-term ineffective antituberculous therapy (chemotherapy lasted 2-3 years in 29.8% and 4-5 years in 19.1%) lead to the occurrence of complicated forms of TITLN in 34% of children.
  • Computed tomography (CT) reliably determines the extent, site, and phase of a tuberculous process, assesses the time course of changes in the efficiency of antituberculous therapy.
  • Bilateral consecutive one-stage removal of affected lymph nodes is possible in children with bilateral TITLN.
  • [MeSH-major] Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / epidemiology. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16850920.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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18. Lazareva IaV: [Computed tomography in the diagnosis and classification of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2005;(12):14-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Computed tomography in the diagnosis and classification of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes].
  • The specific features of the involvement of intrathoracic lymph nodes (ITLN), their extent, site localization, size, structure, and secondary changes in the adjacent tissues were identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Thorax

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  • (PMID = 16496755.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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19. Luo MY, Liu L, Lai LS, Dong YX, Liang WW, Qin J: Deepgoing study on intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults using multidetector CT. Chin Med J (Engl); 2010 May 20;123(10):1283-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Deepgoing study on intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults using multidetector CT.
  • BACKGROUND: Studies on intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults are confined to the preliminary CT findings with ordinary CT and ordinary spiral CT.
  • Multidetector CT could contribute to better imaging of intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults.
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the multidetector CT features of intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults, and the correlation with clinical symptoms and pathologic changes.
  • METHODS: Multidetector CT findings from 42 consecutive adult patients with intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis were analyzed retrospectively with regard to locations, sizes, numbers, shapes, margins, and densities reviewing precontrast and enhanced images.
  • RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-five intrathoracic lymph nodes that had tuberculous lymphadenitis in 42 patients were distributed mainly in regions 4R (n = 37), 2R (n = 33), 7 (n = 31) and 10R (n = 21), more than 2 regions were implicated in 34 patients.
  • Seven enhancement patterns were demonstrated in 169 tuberculous lymphadenitis from 37 patients with pathologic results: homogeneous enhancement with no clinical symptom (n = 12), corresponded pathologically to tuberculous hyperplasia without caseous necrosis; heterogeneous enhancement with a small central no enhancement area, slight clinical symptoms (n = 22), tuberculous granulomas with a little caseous necroses; peripheral irregular thick wall enhancement with a central area with no enhancement, slight clinical symptoms (n = 52), tuberculous granulomas with some caseous necroses in the center; peripheral thin rim enhancement with a central area having no enhancement, moderate clinical symptoms (n = 36), a few tuberculous granulomas with a great quantity of caseous necroses in the center; peripheral irregular enhancement without central enhancement, extending outside the capsule, severe clinical symptoms (n = 4), caseous necroses ruptured from capsule; peripheral irregular rim enhancement with central separate enhancement, severe clinical symptoms (n = 40), multiple lymph nodes with liquefaction of caseous necroses were adherent and confluent, rim and separation were tuberculous granulomas; no obvious enhancement, severe clinical symptoms (n = 3).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The main multidetector CT features of intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults are involvement of multiregional lymph nodes with oval or round shape and clear margins, a basically homogeneous density on precontrast scanning, multiple enhancement patterns, and they correlate closely with clinical symptoms.
  • Multidetector CT could reveal pathological changes of intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / radiography

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  • (PMID = 20529582.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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20. Khan MK, Ansari JK, Saeed W, Zaman F, Naseem A, Baig IM, Zill-e-Humayun, Khalil KF: Diagnostic yield of transbronchial needle aspiration--analysis of 30 cases. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2008 Jul-Sep;20(3):132-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: In our clinical set up transbonchial needle aspiration of lymph node and parenchymal lesions is an underutilized technique.
  • METHODS: Thirty procedures were performed on patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy or parenchymal lung lesions in this study from October, 2006 to April, 2007.
  • Patients with an easily accessible peripheral lymph node, bleeding diathesis and an already confirmed diagnosis were excluded from the study as were patients with a well visualized biopsiable endobronchial lesion.
  • RESULTS: Nineteen patients (63.3%) on whom transbonchial needle aspirations were performed had intrathoracic lymphadenopathy while 11 (36.6%) had parenchymal lesions without endobronchial lesions which could be biopsied.
  • CONCLUSION: Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (TBNA) is an effective method of obtaining cytological material from intrathoracic lymph nodes and parenchymal lesions and can provide a safe alternative to invasive mediastinotomy/mediastinoscopy and open lung biopsy.

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  • (PMID = 19610538.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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21. efremova SN, Dovgaliuk IF, Sakharova IIa: [Estimation of the specific sensitization in a child and other immunological parameters in tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes during therapy]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(12):22-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Estimation of the specific sensitization in a child and other immunological parameters in tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes during therapy].
  • The data of a comprehensive study of 86 children aged 6 to 14 years, who were examined and treated at the Research Institute of Phthisiology for various manifestations of tuberculous infection: 25.6% with infected Mycobacterium tuberculosis with varying specific sensitization; 34.9% with minor forms of intrathoracic lymph node tuberculosis (ILNT), and 39.5% with disseminated processes into the intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Lymph Nodes / immunology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary

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  • (PMID = 18326210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents; 0 / BCG Vaccine
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22. Babaeva IIu, Zemskova ZS, Gedymin LE, Demikhova OV: [Pathomorphological features of pulmonary tuberculosis at different stages of HIV infection: autopsy data]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(12):38-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In all the study patients, the morphology of the lung and peripheral and intrathoracic lymph nodes was examined at the early (2B) and late (4B-5) stages of HV infection (Groups 1 and 2, respectively).
  • Group 2 was marked by a predominance of disseminated tuberculosis with extensive exudative necrotic lesions in the lung, lymph nodes, and other organs in the presence of reduced lymphoid tissue and in the absence of a limited epitheloid cell reaction.

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  • (PMID = 18326214.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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23. Volkov VS: [Bronchoscopy in differential diagnosis of bronchial lesions in the cases of tuberculosis and oncologic processes]. Voen Med Zh; 2007 Apr;328(4):20-2, 96
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Bronchoscopy in differential diagnosis of bronchial lesions in the cases of tuberculosis and oncologic processes].
  • Among them the tumoral process was detected in 113 (8,6%), including the central cancer--in 84 patients,and the peripheral cancer--in 29.
  • According to initial diagnosis these patients were distributed in the following way: the infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis was in 70 (1,9%), the exudative pleurisy-- in 14 (12,4%), the tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes-- in 8 (7,1%), the tuberculoma--in 8 (7,1%), the condition after operation for tuberculosis--in 5 (4,5%), the cavernous tuberculosis--in 3 (2,6%), the cirrhotic tuberculosis--in 3 (2,5%) and the pneumonia--in 2 (1,8%).
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bronchitis / diagnosis. Bronchoscopy. Tuberculosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / pathology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17580485.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-9050
  • [Journal-full-title] Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ zhurnal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Voen Med Zh
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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24. Ratobyl'skiĭ GV, Lazareva IaV, Serova EV, Kanter BM, Cherniĭ AN, Lygin VA: [Today's high-resolution digital X-ray study in the detection and diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(1):35-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Today's high-resolution digital X-ray study in the detection and diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis].
  • Such forms of tuberculosis, as focal (9%), infiltrative (15%), tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in the phase of infiltration (7%), fibrocavernous tuberculosis (19%) could be detected and diagnosed at the state of digital X-ray study of the lung in 100% of cases without circumstantiating linear and computed tomography.
  • Computed tomography is indispensable to the diagnosis of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes, bronchus, the types of disseminated tuberculosis, and bronchopleural fistulas.

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  • (PMID = 16512183.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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25. Foley RJ, Metersky ML: Successful treatment of sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension with bosentan. Respiration; 2008;75(2):211-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, in which the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes are predominant sites of involvement.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 16293957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0356
  • [Journal-full-title] Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Respiration
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antihypertensive Agents; 0 / Endothelin-1; 0 / Sulfonamides; Q326023R30 / bosentan
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26. Parkhomenko IuG, Ziuzia IuR, Tishkevich OA: [Lung pathology in HIV-associated infections]. Arkh Patol; 2008 Nov-Dec;70(6):44-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The lung and intrathoracic lymph nodes taken from 153 persons who had taken from HIV infection at the age of 20 to 32 years, with the development of various infectious diseases were examined.
  • Secondary diseases were of generalized progressive pattern.
  • Among these diseases accompanied by pulmonary lesions tuberculosis, as well as bacterial pneumonias, cytomegalovirus infection, pneumocystic pneumonia, cryptococcosis, and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases were most common.
  • Lung tissue reactions at terminal stages of HIV infection were polymorphic, which had been caused by severe immunodeficiency, a change in the course of diseases, obliteration of typical morphological signs, and a mixed lung lesion.
  • This makes the differential diagnosis of diseases difficult and requires a comprehensive study of specimens in each specific case, by widely employing additional methods and stains to detect different pathogens.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Thorax


27. Reshetov AV, Iablonskiĭ PK, Orlova RV, Markin FM, Pishchik VG: [The possibility and prognostic value of secondary lymphatic cancer spread in intrapulmonic metastases of solid tumors]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek; 2008;167(3):36-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The possibility and prognostic value of secondary lymphatic cancer spread in intrapulmonic metastases of solid tumors].
  • In the period from 1996 to 2007 operations were fulfilled in 120 patients with isolated pulmonary metastases of solid tumors (68 men and 52 women aged from 22 through 77 years): 46 patients with metastases of colorectal cancer, 28 - with cancer of the kidney, 23 - with non-small cell carcinoma of lung, 7 - with breast cancer, 9 - with endometrium cancer, 7 - with melanoma.
  • The operations have revealed lesion of intrathoracic lymph nodes in 29 patients (24%).
  • In most cases (21 patients) they were lesions of lymph nodes of the lung root and intrapulmonary lymph nodes.
  • In 93% of cases (27 patients) localization of the lesion coincided with anatomical pathways of lymph outflow from the affected part of the lung.
  • The survival rate median of the operated patients who had alterations in the lymph nodes was 21 months, in cases with intact lymphatic system it was 37 months.
  • A conclusion is made of possible secondary lymphatic cancer spread from intrapulmonary metastases of solid tumors and its negative influence on results of treatment that allows recommendation of revision of the lymphatic system of the lungs and mediastinum in all cases of surgical treatment of intrapulmonary metastases, and in a number of cases recommendation of anatomical resections of the lung tissue as operation of choice.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Breast Neoplasms / secondary. Colorectal Neoplasms / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18652211.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4625
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik khirurgii imeni I. I. Grekova
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn. Khir. Im. I. I. Grek.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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28. Schultz RM, Zwingenberger A: Radiographic, computed tomographic, and ultrasonographic findings with migrating intrathoracic grass awns in dogs and cats. Vet Radiol Ultrasound; 2008 May-Jun;49(3):249-55
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  • [Title] Radiographic, computed tomographic, and ultrasonographic findings with migrating intrathoracic grass awns in dogs and cats.
  • The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical, radiographic, and computed tomographic findings in dogs and cats with migrating intrathoracic grass awns.
  • Thirty-five dogs and five cats with visual confirmation of a grass awn following surgery, endoscopy or necropsy, and histology were assessed.
  • CT findings included focal interstitial to alveolar pulmonary opacities (n = 12) most commonly in the right caudal lung lobe (n = 9), pleural thickening (n = 11), mildly enlarged intrathoracic lymph nodes (n = 10), soft tissue tracking (n = 7) with enhancing margins (n = 4), pneumothorax (n = 6), pleural effusion (n = 4), and foreign body visualization (n = 4).
  • Migrating intrathoracic grass awns should be considered as a differential diagnosis in coughing, febrile animals with focal interstitial to alveolar pulmonary opacities, pleural effusion, pleural thickening, and/or pneumothorax on radiographs or CT.

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  • (PMID = 18546780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1058-8183
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Radiol Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Gubkina MF, Gazizova IK, Ovsiankina ES, Ershova NG: [Tuberculin sensitivity in children and adolescents with tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(6):53-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Timely phthisiological examination of patients with these values of tuberculin sensitivity could promote early detection of local forms of tuberculosis in 71.1% of the patients detected on their visit to a doctor.
  • There was a correlation of the hyperergic tuberculin sensitivity with the phase of incomplete calcification in patients with tuberculosis of the intrathoracic lymph nodes, which may suggest that the macroorganism is hypersensitized in patients with slow reparative processes.
  • There is evidence that the Mantoux test with 2 TE of PPD-L preserves its diagnostic value in patients with clinical and X-ray changes in the differential diagnosis of tuberculosis and nonspecific diseases of the lung.

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  • (PMID = 17672062.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCG Vaccine
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30. Patel NM, Pohlman A, Husain A, Noth I, Hall JB, Kress JP: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration decreases the rate of surgical sampling of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy. Chest; 2007 Mar;131(3):773-778
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration decreases the rate of surgical sampling of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy.
  • BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a decreased need for the surgical biopsy of intrathoracic lymph nodes (LNs) due to improved diagnostic rates utilizing transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) with endobronchial ultrasound and endoscopic ultrasound.
  • The goal of this study was to determine whether conventional TBNA using combined cytologic and histologic analysis of tissue specimens impacted the rates of surgical diagnostic biopsies of patients with intrathoracic lymphadenopathy.
  • The groups were compared for the rate of intrathoracic LNs sampled by surgical means vs TBNA and the number of times that TBNA averted the need for a surgical diagnostic procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle. Endosonography. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology. Thoracic Diseases / pathology. Thoracotomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity


31. Vinokurov II, Argunov VA, Nikolaev IuIa, Plotnikova NV: [The clinical and morphological features of pulmonary tuberculosis under the conditions of the Far North]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(7):44-7
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  • In most patients, the afflicted intrathoracic lymph nodes became a source of retrograde dissemination of tuberculosis in the lung.

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  • (PMID = 16944715.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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32. Ivanovskiĭ VB, Nasorina RN, Ostroumova OM, Alekseeva DIu, Loshchinskaia NN: [Steroidal leukocytosis and immediate results of treatment in patients with sarcoidosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(4):39-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The occurrence of steroidal leukocytosis at early stages of an observation may, to a certain extent, serve an objective criterion for predicting the pronounced immediate results of treatment in first detected patients with sarcoidosis (that of intrathoracic lymph nodes and the lung in particular) and thus makes it possible to judge the adequacy of therapy in the inpatient setting.

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  • (PMID = 16813059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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33. Boonsarngsuk V, Pongtippan A, Juthakarn S, Boonsarngsuk W, Kurimoto N: Autoaspiration versus manual aspiration in transbronchial needle aspiration in diagnosis of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol; 2009 Oct;16(4):236-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Autoaspiration versus manual aspiration in transbronchial needle aspiration in diagnosis of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the autoaspiration method created by our plunger lock in comparison with the conventional manual aspiration in the diagnosis of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy by TBNA.
  • METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on all patients referred for diagnostic TBNA of enlarged intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • Both automatic and manual aspiration techniques were performed after the needle had been completely inserted into the nodes.
  • The diagnostic yield and the numbers of diagnostic cells or benign lymphoid cells obtained by each technique were compared in the same node.
  • RESULTS: A total of 31 intrathoracic lymph nodes in 24 patients were prospectively studied.
  • Twenty-four nodes (77.4%) were malignancies whereas 7 nodes (22.6%) were benign disease.
  • Adequate lymph node samples were obtained in 30 targets (96.8%), and TBNA revealed definite diagnosis for 25 nodes (80.6%).

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  • (PMID = 23168585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Polychronopoulos VS, Prakash UBS: Airway involvement in sarcoidosis. Chest; 2009 Nov;136(5):1371-1380
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sarcoidosis is a common disease and affects the respiratory system in > 90% of cases, most commonly the intrathoracic lymph nodes and the respiratory parenchyma.
  • Pulmonary function testing, radiologic imaging, and bronchoscopy occupy a significant role in the diagnosis and management of airway involvement in patients with sarcoidosis.

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  • (PMID = 19892676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1931-3543
  • [Journal-full-title] Chest
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chest
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 106
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35. Chissov VI, Trakhtenberg AKh, Parshin VD, Pikin OV: [Surgical treatment of metastatic lung lesions: state of art]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2009;(9):4-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Surgical treatment of metastatic lung lesions: state of art].
  • 454 patients, aged 17-79 years, were operated on metastatic lung lesions during the period from 1970 to 2007 years.
  • Overall 5-year survival after solitary metastasis removal was 34,9+/-3,1%, after removal of several lesions the survival rate was 21,7+/-4,8%, and after operation on the subject of multiple lung metastasis the survival rate was 14,7+/-4,5%.
  • The level of intrathoracic lymph nodes involvement and type of the performed surgery showed to be independent prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Pneumonectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Russia / epidemiology. Survival Rate / trends. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 19770817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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36. Baryshnikova LA: [Tuberculosis in children of various ages: vaccination, chemoprophylaxis, the specific features of detection, and clinical course]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2009;(6):16-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Against this background, tuberculosis in infancy was more commonly identified from complaints (48.1%) and less frequently at mass tuberculin diagnosis (19.8%); the generalized forms of the disease and complicated tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes were more frequently found (16% and 24.7%), a fatal outcome was oftener observed (7.4%).
  • The secondary forms of tuberculosis were revealed in 23.8% of schoolchildren.
  • Overall, the mean size of a papule emerging from the Mantoux test was 12.8 +/- 0.37 mm at the detection of tuberculosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Distribution. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Morbidity / trends. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Russia / epidemiology. Tuberculin Test

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  • (PMID = 19642568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents; 0 / Tuberculosis Vaccines
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37. Manonukul J, Wanitphakdeedecha R, Wisuthsarewong W, Thirapote P: Histopathologic aid to diagnosis of sarcoidosis: report of 8 cases. J Med Assoc Thai; 2006 Jun;89(6):864-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histopathologic aid to diagnosis of sarcoidosis: report of 8 cases.
  • It presents as one of the most variable manifestations usually affecting the lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • No reliable indicator is useful for diagnosis except the histopathologic change which is the only way for approaching this disease.
  • The ultimate diagnosis requires clinical correlation, laboratory investigations, chest X-ray as well as available tissue culture.
  • These findings act as a hallmark for diagnosis of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Sarcoidosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16850689.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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38. Poddubnaia LV, Romanov VV: [Implication of tuberculosis antibodies in the determination of tuberculous infection]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(3):37-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It is also of value in diagnosing the minor forms of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis / immunology. Tuberculosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Bacterial / analysis. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 16817558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Bacterial; 0 / Antigens, Bacterial
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39. Li F, Wang X, Xu H, Roggli VL: Small neuroendocrine lesions in intrathoracic lymph nodes of patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma: real metastasis? Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Nov;34(11):1701-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Small neuroendocrine lesions in intrathoracic lymph nodes of patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma: real metastasis?
  • The presence of individual neuroendocrine cells in rare peripancreatic lymph nodes (LNs) suggests that neuroendocrine tumor or nested neuroendocrine cell proliferation can arise in situ from neuroendocrine cells native to any LN.
  • However, it is very difficult to ascertain whether any neuroendocrine lesion in LNs is a primary tumor or a metastasis from adjacent organs.
  • We encountered 4 cases of neuroendocrine proliferation in intrathoracic LNs (ILNs) of patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma.
  • Mediastinal staging was done by either mediastinoscopy or thoracotomy and none of them had metastasis from adenocarcinoma in any LN.
  • One patient had three ILNs positive for neuroendocrine proliferation measuring 1.7, 1.8, and 4.0 mm, respectively and a minute tumorlet less than 1.0 mm in the lung.
  • Close clinical follow-up is warranted as metastasis from or synchronous lesions in adjacent organs cannot be excluded.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Neuroendocrine Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers / analysis. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Mediastinoscopy. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Thoracic Cavity. Thoracotomy

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  • (PMID = 20871390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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40. Terpigorev SA: [Mini-invasive methods for diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease]. Ter Arkh; 2010;82(4):74-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mini-invasive methods for diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease].
  • It considers the problems associated with transbronchial, video-assisted thoracoscopic, and open biopsy of lung tissue and intrathoracic lymph nodes in this pathology and analyzes the informative value and safety of these methods, as well as indications for and contraindications to their use.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Diseases, Interstitial / diagnosis. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 20481222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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41. Legeza SM, Perfil'ev AV: [Perioperative radiodiagnosis in children and adolescents with pulmonary tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2009;(5):34-6
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  • While identifying decay cavities in tuberculomas, X-ray CT enhanced the effectiveness of a study from 17 to 36% as compared with the results obtained at AXS and LT that revealed specific changes in the intrathoracic lymph nodes and inoculation foci in the lung.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 19565811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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42. Van den Broeck W, Derore A, Simoens P: Anatomy and nomenclature of murine lymph nodes: Descriptive study and nomenclatory standardization in BALB/cAnNCrl mice. J Immunol Methods; 2006 May 30;312(1-2):12-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anatomy and nomenclature of murine lymph nodes: Descriptive study and nomenclatory standardization in BALB/cAnNCrl mice.
  • Murine lymph nodes are intensively studied but often assigned incorrectly in scientific papers.
  • In BALB/cAnNCrl mice, we characterized a total of 22 different lymph nodes.
  • Peripheral nodes were situated in the head and neck region (mandibular, accessory mandibular, superficial parotid, cranial deep cervical nodes), and at the forelimb (proper axillary, accessory axillary nodes) and hindlimb (subiliac, sciatic, popliteal nodes).
  • Intrathoracic lymph nodes included the cranial mediastinal, tracheobronchal and caudal mediastinal nodes.
  • Abdominal lymph nodes were associated with the gastrointestinal tract (gastric, pancreaticoduodenal, jejunal, colic, caudal mesenteric nodes) or were located along the major intra-abdominal blood vessels (renal, lumbar aortic, lateral iliac, medial iliac and external iliac nodes).
  • Comparative and nomenclative aspects of murine lymph nodes are discussed.
  • The position of the lymph nodes of BALB/cAnNCrl mice is summarized and illustrated in an anatomical chart containing proposals for both an official nomenclature according to the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and English terms.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / anatomy & histology. Mice, Inbred BALB C / anatomy & histology. Terminology as Topic

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  • (PMID = 16624319.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1759
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunological methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol. Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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43. Chebotareva AA: [Causes of local forms of primary tuberculosis in ways of their detection in children in an area with high morbidity rates in the adult population]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2008;(1):3-6
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The predominant form of primary tuberculosis was that of inthrathoracic lymph nodes.
  • Tuberculin diagnosis revealed a primary tuberculous process in 33 of the 36 patients.
  • In 25 of the 36 patients, the diagnosis was established by the routine X-ray tomography.
  • Computed tomography was performed in 11 patients, 3 of them being diagnosed as having minor tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes, it could specify the extent and site of the lesion in the remaining patients.

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  • (PMID = 18320655.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCG Vaccine
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44. Martel' II, Giller DB, Ogaĭ IV: [The first experience with video-assisted thoracoscopy used during operations in children and adolescents for pulmonary tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(10):26-30
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The paper first describes the experience in performing operations in 34 children and adolescents with different forms of tuberculosis of the lung and intrathoracic lymph nodes via mini-invasive access (a 4-6-cm skin cut), by applying video-assisted thoracoscopy.

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  • (PMID = 17139828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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45. Gorbunov AV, Kochetkova EIa: [Organization of detection of patients with tuberculosis in Moscow]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2005;(8):18-22
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The subject of the study was the Moscow population numbering about 7 million people to undergo fluorographic examinations and a group of new cases (more than 12,000) of pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • Next is focal tuberculosis (14.9%); then in the descending order: disseminated tuberculosis (14.6%); tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (4.1%); tuberculoma (3.9%), pleuritis (3.3%), caseous pneumonia (2.9%), cavernous and fibrocavernous tuberculosis (1.8%), and cirrhotic tuberculosis (0.5%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Disabled Persons. Employment. Female. Fluoroscopy. Homeless Persons. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Moscow / epidemiology. Retirement. Risk Factors. Sex Factors. Socioeconomic Factors. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16209013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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46. Vasil'ev VI, Logvinenko OA, Simonova MV, Safonova TN, Radenska-Lopovok SG, Bozh'eva LA, Shornikova NS, Andrianov SG: [Sicca syndrome in sarcoidosis and involvement of the salivary and lacrymal glands]. Ter Arkh; 2005;77(1):62-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Sjogren's Syndrome.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The diagnosis was verified histologically.
  • RESULTS: Sarcoidosis patients vs those with SD (p < 0.001) had massive enlargement of the salivary glands (84.3%) with severe xerostomy which appeared rather early (78.9%), affection of the lacrymal glands manifesting with enlargement of the palpebral region, edema of the upper eyelids (57.9%), pulmonary lesion (78.9%), cranial nerves (47.4%), skin (42%), enlargement of the intrathoracic lymph nodes (100%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Antinuclear / blood. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Rheumatoid Factor / blood. Skin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15759458.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Antinuclear; 9009-79-4 / Rheumatoid Factor
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47. Kessel' MM, Perel'man MI: [Tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in children and adolescents: diagnosis and surgical treatment]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2008;(9):22-5
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in children and adolescents: diagnosis and surgical treatment].
  • A hundred and seven children and adolescents with intrathoracic lymph node (LTLN) tuberculosis were operated on.
  • Late diagnosis and long-term ineffective antituberculous therapy lead to the development of complicated forms of ITLN tuberculosis in 44% of children.
  • Computed tomography significantly determines extent, localization, the state of the adjacent tissue, and the phase of a tuberculous process, evaluates the efficiency of antituberculosis therapy, and ascertains the optimum time of a surgical intervention.
  • Bilateral successive one-stage removal of the involved lymph nodes is possible in children with bilateral ITLN tuberculosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lung / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19062567.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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48. Titarenko OT, Esmedliaeva DS, Perova TL, Alekseeva NP, D'iakova ME, Popov MIu: [Comparative significance of the biochemical markers of cell-mediated immunity in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy]. Klin Lab Diagn; 2010 Jan;(1):46-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Comparative significance of the biochemical markers of cell-mediated immunity in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy].
  • The authors have compared the informative value of the tests determining the activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and the levels of interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) and neopterin in the diagnosis of pleural effusions of tuberculous (n = 67) and nontuberculous (n = 30) origin.
  • There are great differences in the sensitivity of the neopterin test depending whether tuberculosis is isolated or complicates the course of tuberculosis of the lung or intrathoracic lymph nodes, which may be regarded as a reflection of the different status of macrophageal cellular immunity.
  • [MeSH-major] Tuberculosis, Pleural / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20201378.001).
  • [ISSN] 0869-2084
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin. Lab. Diagn.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 670-65-5 / Neopterin; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; EC 3.5.4.4 / Adenosine Deaminase
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49. Giller DB, Papkov AV, Gedymin LE, Sigaev AT, Sadovnikova SS, Bizhanov AB, Gavrilova SA, Volynkin AV, Giller GV: [Clinicomorphological rationale for mediastinal lymphadenectomy in the surgical treatment of disseminated destructive pulmonary tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2008;(10):21-5
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two hundred and seventy-four patients underwent mediastinal lymphadenectomy and in 241 patients lung resections or pneumonectomies were not followed by lymphadenectomy or solitary caseous molten lymph nodes were removed during an operation.
  • In disseminated destructive pulmonary tuberculosis, active tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (ILN) was found in 97%.
  • The latter's significant signs are an enlarged lymph node of more than 2.0 cm, consolidation, periadenitis, and fluctuation.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung / pathology. Lymph Node Excision / methods. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Pneumonectomy / methods. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19069187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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50. Fouzas I, Sotiropoulos GC, Sgourakis G, Drühe N, Wohlschlaeger J, Molmenti EP, Broelsch CE, Lang H: Five-year survival after monotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma in the setting of cirrhosis. Transplant Proc; 2008 Nov;40(9):3204-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Liver Transplantation.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sites of recurrence were the intrathoracic lymph nodes in the first case, and lungs in the second case.
  • Both patients died at 98 and 64 months postoperation (ie, 17 and 16 months, respectively, after the diagnosis of the recurrence).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Survival Rate. Survivors. Time Factors. alpha-Fetoproteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19010235.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins
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51. Lu PX, Yu WY, Zhu WK, Liu Y, Liu JQ: [Radiological features of AIDS complicated by pulmonary tuberculosis and the association with CD4+ T lymphocytes]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi; 2005 Jan;28(1):13-6
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Serious Bacterial (Pediatric) .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • (1) The chest X-ray features in patients with AIDS complicated by pulmonary tuberculosis showed more patchy and blurring shadows (53.8% vs 8.3%; P < 0.01), more military changes (23.1% vs 5.0%; P < 0.05), more enlarged intrathoracic lymph nodes (34.6% vs 8.3%; P < 0.01) as well as more extra-pulmonary tuberculous processes (23.1% vs 3.3%; P < 0.05) as compared to patients with pulmonary tuberculosis alone.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The chest X-ray changes of tuberculosis in cases with late stage AIDS were mostly of the atypical pattern, and were related to a significant decrease in CD(4)(+)T lymphocyte count.

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  • (PMID = 15774185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0939
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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52. Ovsiankina ES, Gubkina MF, Kobulashvili MG, Panova LV: [Chemotherapy for tuberculosis in children and adolescents: problems and ways of their solution]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(8):26-9
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The clinical pattern is mainly represented by infiltrative, focal tuberculosis and tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes (94.5%) and, in single cases, by other forms of tuberculosis.

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  • (PMID = 17002054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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53. Safarian MD, Stamboltsian EP, Gevorkian AP: [Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in children and adolescents in Armenia]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2005;(2):7-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes was predominant in children aged less than 14 years; infiltrative tuberculosis was prevalent in adolescents.

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  • (PMID = 15881959.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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54. Ozere I, Ozolinia A, Bobrikova O: [Primary respiratory tuberculosis in children: Hyperdiagnosis or hypodiagnosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2005;(9):23-7; discussion 27
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The diagnosis of bacteriologically negative tuberculosis (TB) in children is traditionally based on clinical criteria, such as a history of contact with a patient with TB, a positive tuberculin test suggesting TB infection and radiological TB changes.
  • To improve the early diagnosis of TB, the authors applied computed tomography (CT) to 284 children with suspected TB (a study group) who had negative bacterial tests and normal chest X-ray films.
  • 1) 119 patients with positive tuberculin tests (> or = 10 mm induration) and a known contact with a TB patient;.
  • 3) 33 patients with negative tuberculin tests (> or = 10 mm induration) and a known contact with a TB patient;.
  • Intrathoracic lymph nodes of > or = 5 mm were rarely diagnosed in all the groups of patients, including children with bacteriologically verified TB.
  • Calcified lymph nodes were visualized in 62 (52.1%), 40 (40.0%), 18 (54.5%), and 7 (21.9%) children in Subgroups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively, and in 15 (51.7%) children in the control group.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16279512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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55. Ovsiankina ES, Gubkina MF, Petrakova IIu, Lazareva IaV, Staheeva LB, Amansakhatov RB: [Clinical and X-ray characteristics of first detected intrathoracic lymph node tuberculosis in children]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2007;(1):3-5
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinical and X-ray characteristics of first detected intrathoracic lymph node tuberculosis in children].
  • Sixty-two case histories of Moscow children aged 4-12 years, treated at the Central Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, for first detected intrathoracic lymph node tuberculosis (ITLNT), were studied.
  • Planned and prophylactic studies revealed the disease in 95.1% (including 66.1% after mass tuberculin diagnosis and 29% on examination for their contact).
  • Mild or moderate signs of the total disorder syndrome were prevalent in the clinical picture.
  • Among the patients with intrathoracic lymph nodal changes in the infiltration phase, the children with minor forms of ITLNT whose diagnosis was verified by computed tomography were 72.7%.
  • The use of computed tomography in the diagnosis of ITLNT allowed one to make the fullest evaluation of changes in intrathoracic lymph nodes, including the groups of the anterior and posterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiography, Thoracic. Thorax. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17338344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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56. Batyrov FA, Mukhamedshina LF, Frolova OP, Shirshov IV, Poliakova MV: [A clinical case of complicated tuberculosis in an infant from perinatal contact with HIV infection]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2005;(10):49-51
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Serious Bacterial (Pediatric) .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The paper describes a case of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in a baby born to a HIV-infected mother.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. HIV Infections / complications. Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / complications

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  • (PMID = 16318264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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57. Vagal AS, Shipley R, Meyer CA: Radiological manifestations of sarcoidosis. Clin Dermatol; 2007 May-Jun;25(3):312-25
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Sarcoidosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sarcoidosis is an immune system disorder characterised by non-necrotising granulomas.
  • Other commonly involved organ systems include the lymph nodes (especially the intrathoracic nodes); the skin; the eyes; the liver; the heart; and the nervous, musculoskeletal, renal, and endocrine systems.
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Liver Diseases / radiography. Lymphatic Diseases / radiography. Pleural Diseases / radiography. Splenic Diseases / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17560309.001).
  • [ISSN] 0738-081X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics in dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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58. Efremova SN, Dovgaliuk IF, Sakharova IIa: [Immunological parameters in the assessment of the activity of a specific process in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected children and patients with intrathoracic lymphatic tuberculosis]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2009;(1):48-51
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Immunological parameters in the assessment of the activity of a specific process in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected children and patients with intrathoracic lymphatic tuberculosis].
  • The data of a comprehensive study of 86 children aged 6 to 14 years, who were examined and treated at the Research Institute of Phthisiology for various manifestations of tuberculous infection: 25.6% with infected Mycobacterium tuberculosis with varying specific sensitization; 34.9% with minor forms of intrathoracic lymphatic tuberculosis (ITLT), 39.5% with disseminated processes into the intrathoracic lymph nodes, are analysed.
  • The currently available immunological tests used in combination with the existing methods in the diagnosis of ITLT adequately evaluate the activity of tuberculous infection in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / immunology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / immunology

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  • (PMID = 19253682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Bacterial; 0 / BCG Vaccine; 0 / Interleukin-8
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59. Bogdanova EV, Kiselevich OK, Mukhamedshina LF: [Difficulties in the diagnosis of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in an infant]. Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk; 2006;(1):58-61
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Tuberculosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Difficulties in the diagnosis of tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes in an infant].
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / pathology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / pathology. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Bronchi / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16512189.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Problemy tuberkuleza i bolezneĭ legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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